406 Pages 12 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    406 Pages 12 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    How do you tailor education to the learning needs of adults? Do they learn differently from children? How does their life experience inform their learning processes? These were the questions at the heart of Malcolm Knowles’ pioneering theory of andragogy which transformed education theory in the 1970s. The resulting principles of a self-directed, experiential, problem-centred approach to learning have been hugely influential and are still the basis of the learning practices we use today.

    Understanding these principles is the cornerstone of increasing motivation and enabling adult learners to achieve. The 9th edition of The Adult Learner has been revised to include:

    • Updates to the book to reflect the very latest advancements in the field.
    • The addition of two new chapters on diversity and inclusion in adult learning, and andragogy and the online adult learner.
    • An updated supporting website. This website for the 9th edition of The Adult Learner will provide basic instructor aids including a PowerPoint presentation for each chapter.
    • Revisions throughout to make it more readable and relevant to your practices.

    If you are a researcher, practitioner, or student in education, an adult learning practitioner, training manager, or involved in human resource development, this is the definitive book in adult learning you should not be without.

    Part 1: Adult Learning

    1. Introduction to Adult Learning

    2. Exploring the World of Learning Theory

    3. Andragogy: A Theory of Adult Learning

    4. The Andragogical Process Model for Learning

    5. Andragogy in Practice

    Part 2: The Backdrop of Learning and Teaching Theories

    6. Theories of Learning

    7. Theories of Teaching

    8. Adult Learning Within Human Resource Development

    Part 3: Advancements in Adult Learning

    9. New Perspectives on Andragogy

    10. Beyond Andragogy

    11. Diversity and Inclusion in the Adult Education Classroom

    12. Neuroscience and Andragogy

    13. Andragogy and Adult Online Learning

    14. Effective Computer-Based Instruction for Adults

    Part 4: International and Future Perspectives on Andragogy

    15. European Perspectives on Adult Learning

    Contributed by John A. Henschke and Mary Cooper

    16. Andragogy: International History, Meaning, Context, and Function

    Contributed by Jost Reischmann

    17. The Future of Andragogy

    Part 5: Tools and Resources for Implementing Andragogy

    18. Andragogical Learner Analysis Using the Andragogy in Practice Framework

    19. Andragogy in Practice Inventory

    Contributed by Reid A. Bates

    20. Guidelines for the Using Learning Contracts

    21. Core Competency Diagnostic and Planning Guide

    22. Personal Adult Learning Style Inventory


    Malcolm S. Knowles was one of the nation’s leading authorities on adult education and training. He was the founding executive director of the Adult Education Association and Professor of Adult and Community College Education at North Carolina State University.

    Elwood F. Holton III is Professor Emeritus of Human Resource Development and Adult Education in the School of Leadership and Human Resource Development at Louisiana State University.

    Richard A. Swanson is Professor Emeritus of Human Resource Development and Adult Education at the University of Minnesota.

    Petra A. Robinson is Associate Professor of Adult Education and Human Resource Development in the School of Leadership and Human Resource Development at Louisiana State University.

    "Overall, the ninth edition of The Adult Learner discusses foundational as well as current issues in adult learning and human resource development, keeping the content relevant and beneficial to a diverse audience." - Alisa Belzer, Adult Education Quarterly