The Animals Reader
The Essential Classic and Contemporary Writings
The Animals Reader brings together key classic and contemporary writings from philosophy, ethics, sociology, cultural studies, anthropology, environmental studies, history, law and science.Animals have a long history in human society, providing food, labour, sport and companionship as well as becoming objects for exhibit. More contemporary uses extend to animals as therapy and in scientific testing. As natural habitats continue to be destroyed, the rights of animals to co-exist on the planet - and their symbolic power as a connection between humans and the natural world - are ever more hotly contested. The study of animals - and the relationship between humans and other animals - is now one of the most fiercely debated topics in contemporary science and culture.As the first book of its kind, The Animals Reader provides a framework for understanding the current state of the multidisciplinary field of animal studies.
Table of Contents
Prologue: Animals, by Randy MalamudEditorial Introduction, by Linda Kalof and Amy Fitzgerald Part 1. Animals as Philosophical and Ethical SubjectsIntroduction 1. Aristotle. The History of Animals 2. Jeremy Bentham. Principles of Morals and Legislation3. Marjorie Spiegel. In Defense of Slavery4. Peter Singer. Animal Liberation or Animal Rights? 5. Tom Regan. The Rights of Humans and Other Animals6. Martha Nussbaum. The Moral Status of Animals7. Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari. Becoming-AnimalFurther ReadingPart 2. Animals as Reflexive ThinkersIntroduction8. Michel de Montaigne. An Apology for Raymond Sebond 9. René Descartes. From the Letters of 1646 and 1649 10. Clinton R. Sanders and Arnold Arluke. Speaking for Dogs11. Marc Bekoff. Wild Justice and Fair Play: Cooperation, Forgiveness, and Morality in Animals 12. Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson and Susan McCarthy. Grief, Sadness, and the Bones of Elephants 13. Carel P. van Schaik, Marc Ancrenaz, Gwendolyn Borgen, Birute Galdikas, Cheryl D. Knott, Ian Singleton, Akira Suzuki, Sri Suci Utami, and Michelle Merrill. Orangutan Cultures and the Evolution of Material Culture Further ReadingPart 3. Animals as Domesticates, "Pets" and FoodIntroduction14. Steven Mithen. The Hunter-Gatherer Prehistory of Human-Animal Interactions15. Harriet Ritvo. Animal Planet 16. Yi-Fu Tuan. Animal Pets: Cruelty and Affection 17. Plutarch. The Eating of Flesh18. Jim Mason and Mary Finelli. Brave New Farm?19. Carol J. Adams. The Sexual Politics of Meat20. David Nibert. The Promotion of "Meat" and its ConsequencesFurther ReadingPart 4. Animals as Spectacle and SportIntroduction21. Pliny the Elder. Combats of Elephants22. Garry Marvin. On Being Human in the Bullfight 23. Rhonda Evans, DeAnn K. Gauthier and Craig J. Forsyth. Dogfighting: Symbolic Expression and Validation of Masculinity24. Randy Malamud. Zoo Spectatorship 25. Matt Cartmill. Hunting and Humanity in Western Thought Further ReadingPart 5. Animals as SymbolsIntroduction26. John Berger. Why Look at Animals? 27. Claude Lévi-Strauss. The Totemic Illusion 28. Boria Sax. Animals as Tradition 29. Steve Baker. What is the Postmodern Animal? 30. Jonathan Burt. The Illumination of the Animal Kingdom: The Role of Light and Electricity in Animal Representation Further ReadingPart 6. Animals as Scientific ObjectsIntroduction31. Coral Lansbury. The Brown Dog Riots of 190732. Lynda Birke. Into the Laboratory33. Sarah Whatmore. Hybrid Geographies: Rethinking the "Human" in Human Geography34. Sarah Franklin. Dolly's Body: Gender, Genetics and the New Genetic Capital 35. Donna Haraway. Cyborgs to Companion Species: Reconfiguring Kinship in Technoscience Further Reading
Linda Kalof is Professor of Sociology, Michigan State University, USA.Amy Fitzgerald is Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology and the Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, Canada.
With its succinct introductions, which contextualize chapters historically and within the broader field of human-animal studies, this text provides a comprehensive introduction to key debates in a format that is accessible to undergraduate students. - Cultural Geographies