Volume 20 of The Annual of Psychoanalysis ably traverses the analytic canvas with sections on "Theoretical Studies," "Clinical Studies," "Applied Psychoanalysis," and "Psychoanalysis and Philosophy." The first section begins with Arnold Modell's probing consideration of the paradoxical nature of the self, provocatively discussed with John Gedo. Modell focuses on the fact that the self is simultaneously public and private, dependent and autonomous. Alice Rosen Soref next explores innate motivation and self-protective regulatory processes from the standpoint of recent infancy research; her notion of a lifelong two-track model of self and relatedness helps establish a normative baseline that can anchor psychoanalytic theory. George Mahl makes an interesting contribution to Freud studies in the form of a new chronology of Freud's works and the number of pages they contain in the Standard Edition. The section ends with Robert Galatzer-Levy and Mayer Gruber's "quasi-experiment about disgust." They test and disconfirm the hypothesis that disgust is an affective response to an abstract sense of disorder rather than a transformation of a concrete, bodily experience by systematically exploring references to concepts of disgust in the Old Testament.
Section II, on "Clinical Studies," opens with Henry Smith's fascinating elaboration of Freud's notion of "screen memories" into a theory of screening that denotes the general process by which mental content is organized. He illustrates his thesis by invoking the "screen language" employed by a patient throughout her analysis. Ernest Wolf next explores the tension between being a "scientist" and a "healer" in Freud and his followers to illuminate struggles within the psychoanalytic movement and to help account for current attitudes toward abstinence, neutrality, and gratification. Kenneth Newman focuses on this same triptych of technical precepts. He argues, in the spirit of Winnicott and Kohut, that analysts can only alter the hostile internal environments of their patients by becoming "usable" objects and cultivating an optimally responsive analytic environment.
A particularly rich collection of applied analytic studies forms Section III of the volume. Individual chapters focus on the childhood of Vincent van Gogh (W. W. Meissner); the psychological healing process depicted in George Eliot's Silas Marner (Richard Almond); the self-psychological meaning of "blood brotherhood" in D. H. Lawrence's Women in Love (James Cowan); ecstatic mysticism in the 19th-century Indian saint Sri Ramakrishna (Sudhir Kakar); the disintegration of the Tyrone family in Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey into Night (Frank and Annette Lachmann); and the nature and analytic significance of Freud's aesthetic response to Michelangelo's Moses (Gary Goldsmith). Finally, in Section IV, George Brook examines the commonsense psychological knowledge of everyday life, that is, the nonpsychoanalytic knowledge on which much of clinical psychoanalysis ultimately depends.
Taken together, the four sections of Volume 20 of The Annual offer an exciting overview of contemporary psychoanalysis. Section I highlights recent trends in psychoanalytic theorizing and the testing of psychoanalytic propositions; Section II explores the relevance of new theoretical perspectives to clinical work; Section III demonstrates the applicability of these new perspectives to psychobiographical and literary analysis; and Section IV provocatively explores the points of connection between everyday ideas and attitudes and the tenets of psychoanalytic practice.
I. Theoretical Studies
The Private Self and Private Space - Arnold H. Modell
The Self, In and Out of Relatedness - Alice Rosen Soref
A Chronology of Freud's Writing His Psychological Works - George F. Mahl
What an Affect Means: A Quasi-Experiment About Disgust - Robert M. Gallatzer-Levy and Mayer Gruber
II. Clinical Studies
Screen Language and Developmental Metaphor - Henry F. Smith
On Being a Scientists or a Healer: Reflections on Abstinence, Neutrality, and Gratification - Ernest S. Wolf
Abstinence, Neutrality, Gratification: New Trends, New Climates, New Implications - Kenneth M. Newman
III. Applied Psychoanalysis
The Childhood of an Artist - W. W. Meissner
Silas Marner : Psychological Change in Fiction - Richard Almond
Blutbruderschaft and Self Psychology in D. H. Lawrence's Women in Love - James C. Cowan
Ramakrishna and the Mystical Experience - Sudhir Kakar
Mary Tyrone's Long Day's Journey into Night - Frank M. Lachmann and Annette Lachmann
Freud's Aesthetic Response to Michelangelo's Modes - Gary N. Goldsmith
IV. Psychoanalysis and Philosophy
Psychoanalysis and Commonsense Psychology - Andrew Brook