Between June 1967 and the end of 1973, most independent Black African states abandoned their neutral position in the Middle East conflict, cut their ties with Israel, and gave full support to the political aims of the Arab states. Since the beginning of 1974, however, and despite attempts by the Arabs to shield their new allies from the adverse effects of the 1973-74 world oil and economic crises, the alliance has begun to fragment as the African states become transformed from partners to clients and dependents of the Arabs. This study examines the roots of the African conversion, the nature of the evolving relationship between the African and Arab states, and the reasons—economic and political—for the transformation of the alliance. Basic to that transformation, the authors argue, is a fundamental change in the international status and power of the Arab states, a change that has led them to cast their lot with the industrialized "First World" rather than with the poorer, less developed countries.
Other Westview Special Studies on Africa -- Foreword -- Preface -- The Search for Arab-African Commonalities, 1945-73 -- 1973-78: The Honeymoon and Its Unhappy Aftermath -- The Economic Consequences of the 1973-74 Oil Crisis on African Countries -- The Response of International Aid Institutions -- Arab-African Relations and International Summitry -- The Arab Developmental World -- The Arabs and Africa: A Changing Relationship -- Appendices -- Note -- President Nasser of Egypt on Arab-African Relations -- President Leopold Sedar Senghor of Senegal on African-Arab Relations and the Middle East Conflict -- Editorial: Arabs, Jews and Africans -- Typical Resolutions on Middle East Questions Passed by the OAU -- Mideast-Related Resolutions Approved by the 1978 Organization of African Unity Summit Conference Held in Khartoum (Sudan) -- "The Cairo Declaration"—Political Declaration Endorsed by the First Afro-Arab Summit Conference Held in Cairo (Egypt) March 7-9, 1977 -- Arab Financial Institutions Providing Assistance for Economic Development