The Aral Sea Basin: Water for Sustainable Development in Central Asia, 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

The Aral Sea Basin

Water for Sustainable Development in Central Asia, 1st Edition

Edited by Stefanos Xenarios, Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt, Manzoor Qadir, Barbara Janusz-Pawletta, Iskandar Abdullaev


228 pages | 81 Color Illus.

Book Content Available Open Access*
Read Chapter 8 - Open Access

*Open Access content has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) license

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This book offers the first multidisciplinary overview of water resources issues and management in the Aral Sea Basin, covering both the Amu Darya and Syr Darya River Basins.

The two main rivers of Amu Darya and Syr Darya and their tributaries comprise the Aral Sea Basin area and are the lifeline for about 70 million inhabitants in Central Asia. Written by regional and international experts, this book critically examines the current state, trends and future of water resources management and development in this major part of the Central Asia region. It brings together insights on the history of water management in the region, surface and groundwater assessment, issues of transboundary water management and environmental degradation and restoration, and an overview of the importance of water for the key economic sectors and overall socio-economic development of Central Asian countries, as well as of hydro politics in the region. The book also focusses on the future of water sector development in the Basin, including a review of local and international actors, as well as an analysis of the current status and progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals by Basin countries.

The book will be essential reading for those interested in sea basin management, environmental policy in Central Asia and water resource management more widely. It will also act as a reference source for decision-makers in state agencies, as well as a background source of information for NGOs.

Chapter 8 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.


"While a lot has been written and said about water management (and mismanagement) in this region before, there is hardly an analogue that brings all these issues under one umbrella. This is essentially the first multidisciplinary volume on the subject… This book will hopefully become a reference source on the Aral Sea basin for a wide range of stakeholders from different disciplines and professional backgrounds, from within the Central Asia region and internationally." - From the Foreword by Guyzgeldi Bayjanov, Chairman of the Executive Committee of The International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea

Table of Contents

Foreword by Guyzgeldi Bayjanov

1. Introduction

Stefanos Xenarios, Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt, Manzoor Qadir, Barbara Janusz-Pawletta, Iskandar Abdullaev and Vladimir Smakhtin

2. History of Water Management in the Aral Sea Basin

Iskandar Abdullaev, Kai Wegerich and Jusipbek Kazbekov

3. Surface Water Resources

Kakhramon Djumaboev, Oyture Anarbekov, Bunyod Holmatov, Ahmad Hamidov, Zafar Gafurov, Makhliyo Murzaeva, Janez Sušnik, Shreedhar Maskey, Hamid Mehmood and Vladimir Smakhtin

4. Groundwater resources

Abror Gafurov, Vadim Yapiyev, Mohamed Ahmed, Jay Sagin, Ali Torabi Haghighi, Aigul Akylbekova and Bjørn Kløve

5. Hydropower

Frank Schrader, Anvar Kamolidinov, Maksud Bekhanov, Murodbek Laljebaev and Stella Tsani

6. Environmental Degradation

Alisher Mirzabaev, Jamal Annagylyjova and Iroda Amirova

7. Water for Agriculture and other Economic Sectors

Asel Murzakulova, Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt, Dagmar Balla, Dietrich Darr, Ahmad Hamidov, Ulan Kasymov, Roman Mendelevitch and Serik Orazgaliyev

8. The Status and Role of the alpine Cryosphere in Central Asia

Martin Hoelzle, Martina Barandun, Tobias Bolch, Joel Fiddes, Abror Gafurov, Veruska Muccione, Tomas Saks and Maria Shaghedanova

9. Transboundary Water Management

Marton Krasznai

10. Local and national institutions and policies governing water resources management

Manon Cassara, Jelle Beekma, Lucia de Strasser, Oyture Anarbekov, Makhliyo Murzaeva, Sara Giska and Andrei Dörre

11. International actors and initiatives for sustainable water management

Jenniver Sehring, Dinara Ziganshina, Marton Krasznai and Thijs Stoffelen

12. The Future of Water Resources

Saghit Ibatullin and Dinara Ziganshina

13. Implementing Water-Related Sustainable Development Goals

Aziza Baubekova and Anastasia Kvasha

About the Editor

Stefanos Xenarios is Associate Professor in Nazarbayev University (NU), Graduate School of Public Policy, based in Nur-Sultan, Astana, Kazakhstan.

Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt is Honorary Professor at the Chair of Silviculture, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, Freiburg University, Germany.

Manzoor Qadir is Assistant Director in United Nations University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH), Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Barbara Janusz-Pawletta is UNESCO Chair Holder in Water Management at the Central Asia Kazakh-German University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Iskandar Abdullaev is former Executive Director of the Regional Environmental Centre Central Asia (CAREC), based in Almaty, Kazakhstan, and the current Deputy Director of the CAREC Institute, Urumchi, China.

About the Series

Earthscan Series on Major River Basins of the World

Large river basins are dynamic and complex entities. Defined by hydrological boundaries, they are nearly always shared by more than one country. Encompassing a diverse range of landscapes with often huge temporal and spatial variability of resources, they are put to different and often conflicting uses, and managed by a range of institutions and organisations. While an intrinsic part of Nature, many have been extensively engineered and used by people, often with adverse consequences. Each major river basin has its own development trajectory and often fascinating history. Bringing together multidisciplinary teams of experts, this series explores these complex issues, identifies knowledge gaps and examines potential development pathways towards greater sustainability.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Hydrology
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Human Geography