The volume of studies into desistance has grown dramatically in recent years. Much of this research has focused on the internal dynamics of desistance such as decision-making, choice and restraint. Bringing together leading figures, and drawing upon case studies from around the world, this book seeks to fill a vacuum in the contemporary literature on desistance by considering processes and practices at a societal level that influence how and why people desist from crime.
Beginning with an outline of what is known about how social, cultural and economic structures shape desistance from crime, this book proceeds to explore studies of desistance in countries such as the UK, Brazil, France, Israel, Ireland, Sweden, and Chile. These studies touch on variations by ethnicity, the nature of the criminal justice system, economic cycles, gender, religious belief systems, and the use of time and space. Policy matters relating to desistance such as the rehabilitation and supervision of former offenders are also explored.
This book will be invaluable reading to students and scholars of criminology, sociology and social studies engaged in studies of desistance, criminology, criminal justice, victimology, penology and probation.
Part One: Setting the Scene
1. The Architecture of Desistance: Exploring the Structural Sources of Desistance and Rehabilitation
Part Two: Cross-Cultural Stories of Desistance and Rehabilitation
2. Comparing the temporal and spatial dynamics of desistance
3. Structural ‘ladders’ and the female path to desistance: Comparative lessons from Sweden and England
4. Exploring Processes of Desistance by Ethnic Status: The Confluence of Community, Familial and Individual Processes
Part Three: New Places and New Topics in Desistance Research
5. Structural changes and desistance in a developing country: how transformations in the recent Chilean history aided shaping distinctive routes out of crime
6. How does the penal system and criminal involvement impact the desistance process? Trajectory analysis of young offenders in Brazil
7. Desistance and the Parisian probation service: The paradox of a limited institutional effect on the processes of desistance
8. Religiosity and Desistance from Crime
9. Structuring Desistance: Exploring socio-cultural pathways to change in Ireland
10. Offending, victimisation and desistance: the lives of adult young men from the Sheffield Desistance Study
Joanna Shapland and Anthony Bottoms
Part Four: Turning Ideas Into Workable Policies: The Implementation and Implications of Research Into Desistance From Crime
11. Recovery and communities: The role of structure in stable addiction recovery and desistance
Lauren Hall, David Best and Amy Musgrove
12. Introducing ‘Desistance’ into Criminal Justice Supervision Policies and Practices: Possibilities and Challenges
Anthony Bottoms and Joanna Shapland
In recent years there has been a dramatic growth in the attention given to the end of the criminal career. Prior to the 1980s, research on why people stopped offending and the processes associated with ‘leaving crime behind’ was a small and embryonic field of research. The literature on reform following a period of offending was patchy and did not constitute in any way, shape or form a body of knowledge which could be considered as ‘key’ to the criminological enterprise. This situation has now changed. The study of desistance in particular has now become an important aspect of the criminological enterprise with several UK and European research studies now focussing on this topic. Further afield (in the US and Australia for example, but certainly not limited to these
countries) there are also a number of scholars who are exploring desistance (and by association rehabilitation and reform) and the processes by which these occur amongst particular communities and for key groups of offenders. This is domain of research is therefore fertile ground for the production of a series of monographs.