The Bohemian Republic : Transnational Literary Networks in the Nineteenth Century book cover
1st Edition

The Bohemian Republic
Transnational Literary Networks in the Nineteenth Century

  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after November 30, 2020
ISBN 9780367482046
November 30, 2020 Forthcoming by Routledge
256 Pages

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Book Description

In the mid-nineteenth century successive cultural Bohemias were proclaimed in Paris, London, New York, and Melbourne. Focusing on networks and borders as the central modes of analysis, this book charts for the first time Bohemia’s cross-Channel, trans-Atlantic, and trans-Pacific migrations, locating its creative expressions and social practices within a global context of ideas and action. Though the story of Parisian Bohemia has been comprehensively told, much less is known of its Anglophone translations. The Bohemian Republic offers a radical reinterpretation of the phenomenon, as the neglected lives and works of British, Irish, American, and Australian Bohemians are reassessed, the transnational networks of Bohemia are rediscovered, the presence and influence of women in Bohemia is reclaimed, and Bohemia’s relationship with the marketplace is reconsidered. Bohemia emerges as a marginal network which exerted a paradoxically powerful influence on the development of popular culture, in the vanguard of material, social and aesthetic innovations in literature, art, journalism, and theatre. Underpinned by extensive and original archival research, the book repopulates the concept of Bohemianism with layers of the networked voices, expressions, ideas, people, places, and practices that made up its constituent social, imagined, and interpretive communities. The reader is brought closer than ever to the heart of Bohemia, a shadowy world inhabited by the rebels of the mid-nineteenth century.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 The Bohemian Republic: An Introduction

The Bohemian and the Bohémien


New Perspectives on Bohemia

Borders, Mobilities, and Networks


Chapter 2 Paris and the Birth of Bohemia

La bohème littéraire et la Petite Presse

Scènes de la vie de bohème

Communal Living in Bohemia: the Garret, the Atelier, and the Phalanstère

Hotel Corneille: "The Great Bohemian Resort"

Bohemia and the Life of the Café

Madame Busque’s

The Bohemian Ball and the Demi-Monde

Women in Bohemia: The Grisette

Commercial Bohemia

At the Café Concert

Women in Bohemia: Mimi and Musette

The Princess of Bohemia

The Street

‘Echo Chambers’: Paris and London


Chapter 3 London Bohemia

London’s Underground Bohemia

Fictions of London Bohemia

Bagot’s Youth and the Bohemian ‘Comic Epoch’

‘Philosophers of the Cyder Cellar’: the Comic Epoch Onstage

Gavarni in London: Anglicising a Parisian Bohemian

Bohemian Slumming in London

The Birth of a Bohemia on Fleet Street

The Bohemian Symposium: Table Talk and Bohemian Print Culture

Anglicising the Bohemienne

Therese Desprez and the Foreignness of the Bohemienne

Brough and the Bohemian Girl

Fast London

Camaralzaman and Badoura

Anglicising the Grisette and the Bohemienne in Fast London

London Bohemia and the Carnival

The Women in West End Bohemia

Mary Braddon: An Undercover Bohemienne in London

Friends of Bohemia and the Politics of Bohemian Clubland

The Governing Classes

Savages and Tumblers in Clubland: The Idler versus The Train

Upper and Lower Bohemia in Bagot’s Youth and Marston Lynch

Bohemia Petraea

Suffering in Lower Bohemia

Lotus-Eating in Upper Bohemia

The Limits of Bohemia

Forty Thieves and London Bohemia’s Apotheosis: From the Shadows into the Spotlight

Seeking the patronage of Anti-Bohemia

Chapter 4 New York Bohemia

Transatlantic Bohemianism: The Lanternites and the "cross of cockney blood"

The Bohemian Press

The Physiology of New York Boarding-Houses

"Slaves of the Lamp"

The Oyster Critics

The Ornithorhynchus Club

The New World and the Infinite Republic

Suicide in Bohemia

A Bohemian Utopia

The Boarding-house: Low Living and High Thinking

‘Free Love’ and Bohemia

Young New York: Bohemianism on Broadway

Proclaiming New York Bohemia

Harper’s ‘Bohemien’

‘At Pfaff’s’

The Capital of Bohemia and the Magic Circle

The Independent Organ of Bohemia

Portraits of Paris and London

The New York Leader


"Pretty modern literary women"

A Bohemian Civil War

The Bohemian Brigade

Death and Desertion

Chapter 5 Melbourne Bohemia

A City of Gold and a Penal Colony: Bohemian Visions of Australia

"You would lead the colony—you would create a better Ireland there—you would become rich …"

London’s Bohemian Legacy

Colonial Networks and Cultural Transfer

Reinventing Fast London

Reinventing the West End

A Bohemian University Student

Brough and Australia’s "Bohemian demi-monde"

The Ghosts of Bohemia

Colonial Print Culture: "Picturing Home"

Writing Home

The Melbourne Press: Where "literature takes its proper rank"

Arriving at Austin Friars

Bohemian Café Culture in Bourke Street

The Yorick Club: Native Companions and Savages

Upper Bohemia Down Under

A Bohemian Reader

Marcus Clarke’s Library

Lower Bohemia Down Under

The Gypsies of the Sea

Chapter 6 Conclusion

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James Gatheral is a scholar of nineteenth century literature and popular culture. He is currently investigating the world of cultural Bohemia, the nineteenth century’s most notorious subculture.