This book critically reflects on the international function of the Bologna Process by exploring motivations and interests behind its ‘global strategy’ as well as how the reforms have been perceived and applied beyond Europe.
Since its initiation in 1999, the Bologna Process has evolved into an important example of regional higher education policy coordination. Now with 48 signatory states both within and outside the European Union, the Bologna reforms have pushed forward an ambitious agenda for a European Higher Education Area (EHEA), and the EU specifically as it aims to consolidate its knowledge-economy. Alongside its regional focus, the Bologna Process has also promoted an international reach through its ‘global strategy’. Through this externalisation, the Bologna Process has become a point of reference for higher education internationalisation worldwide
Featuring examples of Bologna’s ‘reach’ from Oceania to North America and in between, the book offers a timely contribution to the understanding of the reform’s global influence. As a whole the contributions offer important insights to the understanding and conceptualisation of the EU’s global influence, comparative regionalism and global higher education development more broadly.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the European Journal of Higher Education.
Introduction: 20 Years of the Bologna Process in a Global Setting: the external dimension of the Bologna Process revisited, Manja Klemenčič
Chapter 1: The Bologna Process as a foreign policy endeavour: motivations and reactions to the externalisation of European higher education, Hannah Moscovitz and Hila Zahavi
Chapter 2: The Bologna Process: an international higher education regime, Hila Zahavi a and Yoav Friedman
Chapter 3: Researching the European Higher Education Area external effectiveness: regime complexity and interplay, Foteini Asderaki
Chapter 4: Internationalisation of higher education in a Canadian context: responses to the Bologna Process from Canadian universities, Conrad King
Chapter 5: A clash of internationalizations: New Zealand and the Bologna Process, William Shannon, Mathew Doidge and Martin Holland
Chapter 6: Higher education regionalism in Asia: what implications for Europe? Exequiel Cabanda, Ee Siong Tan and Meng-Hsuan Chou
Chapter 7: The Bologna Process in Israel as a reflection of EU-Israel relations, Hila Zahavi
Chapter 8: African higher education and the Bologna Process, Sintayehu Kassaye Alemu