1st Edition

The British, Soccer and Identity in the Caribbean Class, Race and Nation, 1908–1973

By Roy McCree Copyright 2025
    288 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book examines the role of the British in the diffusion and development of soccer on the Caribbean islands of Trinidad and Tobago, in the light of issues of race, ethnicity, colour, class and national identity, in the period 1908–1973.

    This role was expressed in the activities of understudied organizations like the English Football Association and the British Council, as well as oil companies like Shell and British Petroleum; through the recruitment of coaches such as Jimmy Hill and Michael Laing; the staging of tours involving teams such as Chelsea, Coventry City, Wolverhampton Wanderers and Arsenal in the 1960s; the formation of clubs, leagues and the construction of sporting facilities. Relatedly, it examines the role of the local middle classes in facilitating the commercialization of the game through professionalization and the operations of betting pools. The volume will help to give readers a better understanding of how the game served as a “double agent” of British hegemony and segregation, as well as integration and socio-political change in colonial and post-colonial society.

    The book will be of value to sport scholars, students, footballers and fans of the game who have an interest in its history across the world.

    1. Soccer, Ludic Diffusion, Development and Identity in Trinidad and Tobago  2. Loyalty, Royalty and Identity in Soccer and Society  3. Brief History of Soccer in Trinidad and Tobago, 1908–1973  4. Soccer and Social Stratification  5. Middle Classes, Professionalization and Football Pools  6. High School Soccer, Church and Public School Model  7. British Organizations: English FA, British Council and Multinational Corporations   8. Media, Soccer and Identity Formation  9. Conclusion


    Roy McCree is a sociologist and Senior Fellow attached to the Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies (SALISES) of the University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus in Trinidad and Tobago. He received his PhD in sociology from Leicester University and has a special interest in the study of sport development, sport for development and sport policy. He is a co-editor of the Routledge Companion to Applied Qualitative Research in the Caribbean.