Judge Your Practices Against This Benchmark ManualCOST Action B-24 established four working groups to research and discuss issues relevant to laboratory animal science. These included the housing of animals, environmental needs, refinement of procedures, genetically modified animals, and cost-benefit analysis. Based on the groups' findings, The COS
Introduction. Design and Oversight of Laboratory Animal Facilities. Housing and Care of Laboratory Animals. Animal Needs and Environmental Refinement. Ethical Evaluation of Scientific Procedures: Recommendations for Ethics Committees. Reduction by Careful Design and Statistical Analysis. Animal Models: Selecting and Preparing Animals for a Study. Creation of Genetically Modified Animals. Management of Genetically Modified Rodents. Impact of Handling, Radiotelemetry, and Food Restriction. Basic Procedures: Dosing, Sampling and Immunisation. Imaging Techniques. Anaesthesia and Analgesia. Use of Humane Endpoints to Minimise Suffering. Euthanasia. Education, Training and Competence. Animal Experimentation and Open Communication.