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The Certified Criminal Investigator Body of Knowledge





ISBN 9781498752053
Published January 15, 2016 by CRC Press
539 Pages - 25 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Criminal investigators have a long list of duties. They must identify and secure a crime scene, conduct interviews of witnesses and victims, interrogate suspects, identify and properly collect evidence, and establish and maintain a chain of custody. Once an investigation is underway, the criminal investigator must demonstrate thorough knowledge of investigative techniques for misdemeanors or felonies and for violent or nonviolent crimes. The criminal investigator must also accurately and unbiasedly document each step in the investigative process as well as be proficient at testifying in a trial.

The Certified Criminal Investigator Body of Knowledge prepares candidates for the Certified Criminal Investigator®, CCI® program, the first open source, peer-reviewed credential in the world. The program sets standards for criminal investigation in a time when certification for investigators is crucial to filling gaps in the field. This book covers all aspects of the criminal investigation process to enable candidates to meet the requirements of the program. It reviews the history and development of forensic studies, ethical behavior of the investigator, evidence collection and preservation, investigation management, and courtroom demeanor and testimony.

Fulfilling a need for standardization of knowledge and competency in criminal investigation education, The Certified Criminal Investigator Body of Knowledge provides a thorough resource for the candidate preparing to become a criminal investigator. It also serves as a handy reference for the professional working through an investigation.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC SCIENCE

Professional Conduct
Ethics
Attributes of a Successful Investigator
Reference

History of Forensic Science
A History
Locard’s Exchange Principle
References

Developments of Forensic Science
Odontology
Anthropology
Entomology
Engineering
Pathology
Psychology
Botany
Serology
Toxicology
Nursing
Accounting
Digital Forensics
References
Section I Practice Test

CRIME SCENES AND EVIDENCE

Crime Scene Investigation
Types of Investigations
Initial Response
People at the Scene
Crime Scene Assessment
Scene Documentation
Crime Scene Search
Final Steps
References

Evidence
Evidence and Information
Evidence Collection
Evidence Preservation
Evidence Processing
References

DNA Evidence
DNA
Identification of DNA Evidence
Crime Scenes and DNA Evidence
DNA Evidence Collection
Submission of Evidence
Combined DNA Index System (CODIS)
References

Blood Spatter Pattern Analysis
Understanding Bloodstains
Documenting Bloodstains
Measuring Bloodstains
Mathematical and Statistical Analysis of Bloodstain Pattern Evidence
References

Postmortem Examination
The Investigation
Bodily Reactions to Death
Decomposition
Identification of Human Remains
Objectives of Medicolegal Examination
The Scene of the Investigation
References

Computer/Digital Forensics
The Importance of Digital Forensics
Evidence
Governance of Evidence Collection
Laws and Ethics
Forensic Hardware
Forensic Software
Incident Response
Investigative Questions
What to Look For
Internet Abuse by Employees
Computer Examination Techniques
Handling Digital Evidence
Network Forensics
Network Forensics Tools
References
Section II Practice Test

CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS AND TRIALS

Management of Investigations
Management and Organization
Cases
Supervisory Procedures
Special Investigations
The Investigator’s Report
Reference

Interview, Interrogation, and Detecting Deception
Interviewing
Interrogation
Detecting Deception
Malingering
Summary
References

Criminal Trials
Trial Basics
Expert Witnesses
Investigator’s Testimony
Innocent but Proven Guilty
References
Section III Practice Test

CRIME

Domestic Abuse
Gender Differences
Forms of Domestic Abuse
References

Homicide
Overview
The Homicide Detective
Databases
References

Child Abuse
Infanticide
Child Abuse
Battered Child Syndrome
Neglect
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP)
Sexual Abuse
Reference

Female Sexual Predators
Overview
Typologies
Developmental and Neurological Issues
Treatment Issues
Summary
References

Cyberpredators
Categories of Cyberpredators
The Internet’s Role in Predatory Behavior
Sexuality and Predatory Deviance
What to Do
Identity Thieves
Summary
References
Section IV Practice Test

INJURIES AND FATALITIES

Injuries
Blunt Force Injuries
Sharp Force Injuries
Closed Head Injuries
Firearm Injuries
Injuries and Fatalities from Automobile Accidents
Motorcycle Accidents
Train Accidents
Plane Accidents
Injuries to Specific Body Parts
Reference

Death Investigation
Medical Terminology
Coroner and Medical Exam Systems
The Death Scene
Victim Personality Assessment
Criminal Investigative Analysis (CIA)
Criminal Profiling
Offender Profile Analysis
Modus Operandi (MO) versus Signature
Organized versus Disorganized Crime
Serial Homicide Examples
References

Death by Homicide
Death Scene Analysis
Reconstruction: The Pyramid Approach
The Initial Call
The Scene
Legal Requirements
The Body
References

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
SIDS or Child Abuse
Investigating SIDS
Reference

Death by Asphyxia, Fire, and Drowning
Asphyxia
Death by Fire
Drowning
Reference

Death by Drugs and Poisoning
Drugs
Poisoning
Reference

Sex-Related Homicide and Autoerotic Fatalities
Sex-Related Homicide
Autoerotic Fatalities
Reference

Suicide and Equivocal Deaths
Suicide
Equivocal Deaths
Reference
Section V Practice Test

THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AUTOPSY

Psychological Autopsy
Introduction to Psychological Autopsy
History of Psychological Autopsy
Psychological Evidence
Suicidology
Autoerotic Complications
Modern Changes in Psychological Autopsy
Methods and Reports
Psychological Autopsy in Forensic Contexts
Psychological Autopsy Uses
Historical Analyses
Conclusion
References
Section VI Practice Test

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Author(s)

Biography

The Center for National Threat Assessment (CNTA) is an intellectual property management group that is responsible for overseeing the certification process of professionals in homeland security, forensics, psychotherapy, and integrative medicine. CNTA manages the American Board for Certification in Homeland Security, the American College of Forensic Examiners Institute, the American Psychotherapy Association, and the American Association of Integrative Medicine. Leading professionals from the four associations provide CNTA with a pool of intellectual capital and enhance the field of their respective profession by writing and publishing important articles in four monthly peer-reviewed journals: Inside Homeland Security, The Forensic Examiner, the Annals of American Psychotherapy, and The American Association of Integrative Medicine Journal. The CNTA is responsible for the maintenance and development of over 32 certifications in homeland security, forensics, psychotherapy, and integrative medicine. The CNTA strives for all of its exams and certification processes to be psychometrically valid and meet the American National Standards Institute’s 17024 international standards for personnel certification.