This book discusses the use of the internet in China, the complicated power relations in online political communications, and the interactions and struggles between the government and the public over the use of the internet. It argues that there is a "semi-structured" online public sphere, in which there is a certain amount of equal and liberal political communication, but that the online political debates are also limited by government control and censorship, as well as by inequality and exclusions, and moreover that the government rarely engages in the political debates. Based on extensive original research, and considering specific debates around particular issues, the book analyses how Chinese net-users debate about political issues, how they problematize the government’s actions and policies, what language they use, what online discourses are produced, and how the debates and online discourses are limited. Overall, the book provides a rich picture of the current state of online political communication in China.
Table of Contents
Preface Introduction Chapter 1. Political Communication and the Online Public Sphere in China: Theory, Debates and Unanswered Questions Chapter 2. Political Contention in China’s Online Spaces Chapter 3. Equality and Inclusiveness in China’s Online Space Chapter 4. Expressing Political Concerns Online in China Chapter 5. Online Political Communication in China: Government Censorship, Engagement and Reaction Chapter 6. Conclusions
Qingning Wang is a lecturer in Media Studies in School of Arts, University of Kent, UK