This book attends to the transformation of processes and practices in education, relating to its increasing digitisation and datafication. The introduction of new means to measure, capture, describe and represent social life in numbers has not only transformed the ways in which teaching and learning are organised, but also the ways in which future generations (will) construct reality with and through data.
Contributions consider data practices that span across different countries, educational fields and governance levels, ranging from early childhood education, to schools, universities, educational technology providers, to educational policy making and governance. The book demonstrates how digital data not only support decision making, but also fundamentally change the organisation of learning and teaching, and how these transformation processes can have partly ambivalent consequences, such as new possibilities for participation, but also the monitoring and emergence/manifestation of inequalities.
Focusing on how data can drive decision making in education and learning, this book will be of interest to those studying both educational technology and educational policy making. The chapters in this book were originally published in Learning, Media and Technology. Chapter 4 is available Open Access at https://www.routledge.com/products/9780367357191.
Introduction: the dataﬁcation of education
Juliane Jarke and Andreas Breiter
1. Datafied at four: the role of data in the ‘schoolification’ of early childhood education in England
2. Configuring the teacher as data user: public-private sector mediations of national test data
Helene Ratner, Bjarke Lindsø Andersen and Simon Ryberg Madsen
3. The datafication of discipline: ClassDojo, surveillance and a performative classroom culture
Jamie Manolev, Anna Sullivan and Roger Slee
4. The social value of anonymity on campus: a study of the decline of Yik Yak
Sian Bayne, Louise Connelly, Clair Grover, Nicola Osborne, Richard Tobin, Emily Beswick and Lilinaz Rouhani
5. Reconsidering data in learning analytics: opportunities for critical research using a documentation studies framework
Kyle M.L. Jones and Chase McCoy
6. Objectivity as standardization in data-scientific education policy, technology and governance
Ben Williamson and Nelli Piattoeva
7. Datafication, testing events and the outside of thought
Greg Thompson and Sam Sellar
8. Cruel optimism in edtech: when the digital data practices of educational technology providers inadvertently hinder educational equity