The devolution of control over the world's forests from national or state and provincial level governments to local control is an ongoing global trend that deeply affects all aspects of forest management, conservation of biodiversity, control over resources, wealth distribution and livelihoods. This powerful new book from leading experts provides an in-depth account of how trends towards increased local governance are shifting control over natural resource management from the state to local societies, and the implications of this control for social justice and the environment. The book is based on ten years of work by a team of researchers in Malinau, Indonesian Borneo, one of the world's richest forest areas. The first part of the book sets the larger context of decentralization's impact on power struggles between the state and society. The authors then cover in detail how the devolution process has occurred in Malinau, the policy context, struggles and conflicts and how Malinau has organized itself. The third part of the book looks at the broader issues of property relations, conflict, local governance and political participation associated with decentralization in Malinau. Importantly, it draws out the salient points for other international contexts including the important determination that 'local political alliances', especially among ethnic minorities, are taking on greater prominence and creating new opportunities to influence forest policy in the world's richest forests from the ground up. This is top-level research for academics and professionals working on forestry, natural resource management, policy and resource economics worldwide.
Published jointly with CIFOR.
Table of Contents
Introduction Part I: Theoretical and Contextual Background 1: Between State and Society: Decentralization in Indonesia 2: The Geography of Malinau 3: The Cultural Politics of Collaboration to Control and Access Forest Resources in Malinau, East Kalimantan 4: Biodiversity, Landscapes and Livelihoods: A Local Perspective Part II: Small-scale Timber Harvesting in Malinau 5: Impact of Small Timber Harvest Permits on Villages in the Malinau Watershed 6: Who, How and for What? Negotiations and Outcomes from IPPK Agreements between Communities and Brokers in Malinau 7: The Effect of IPPKs on Household Livelihoods in Malinau District, East Kalimantan 8: A Comparison of Damage Due to Logging under Different Forms of Resource Access in East Kalimantan, Indonesia 9: Tane Olen as an Alternative for Forest Management: Further Developments in Setulang village, East Kalimantan Part III: Other Developments Driven by Decentralization 10: Winners Take All: Understanding Forest Conflict in the Era of Decentralization in Indonesia 11: Tenure and Adat in Malinau 12: The Realpolitik of Village Representation and Participation 13: New Experiments Shaping Government and Society Interactions 14: Riding the Rapids: Synthesis and Conclusion Index
Moira M. M. Moeliono is senior scientist at the Governance Program, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in Bogor, Indonesia. Eva K. Wollenberg is senior associate and former principal scientist at the Governance Program, CIFOR and now also director at the Center for Sustainable Agriculture, University of Vermont. Godwin Limberg is a long term consultant for CIFOR and former field coordinator of the Adaptive Collaborative Management project in Malinau, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.
'An absorbing set of accounts of locally based efforts to diagnose and come to grips with very difficult issues' - Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies
'This book provides an excellent overview of more than a decade of transformation in a forest landscape where the interests of local people, extractive industries and globally important biodiversity are in conflict. The studies assembled here teach us that plans and strategies are fine but, in the real world of the forest frontier, conservation must be based upon negotiation, social learning and an ability to muddle through.' - Jeffrey Sayer, senior scientific adviser, Forest Conservation Programme IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature)