The Design, Performance, and Analysis of Slug Tests: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Design, Performance, and Analysis of Slug Tests

1st Edition

By James Johnson Butler, Jr.

CRC Press

262 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781566702300
pub: 1997-11-25

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The slug test is currently the most common method for the in situ estimation of hydraulic conductivity at sites of suspected groundwater contamination. However, inappropriate procedures in one or more phases of a slug test can introduce considerable error into the resulting parameter estimates. This book remedies this problem by answering virtually every question regarding the design, performance, and analysis of slug tests. This is the first book to provide detailed information on the practical aspects of the methodology of slug tests.

All major analysis methods are described in The Design, Performance, and Analysis of Slug Tests. Each analysis method is outlined in a step-by-step manner and illustrated with a field example. The major practical issues related to the field application of each technique are also discussed. This book will help the reader get more reliable parameter estimates from slug tests and increase the utility of slug test data.


"Excellent…a significant milestone in slug test technology and, for that matter, groundwater hydrology."

Herman Bouwer, USDA Water Conservation Laboratory

…the author has achieved his goal of providing a text to which a field investigator can refer for answers to questions concerning the design and analysis of slug test data. I can therefore commend this work to all groundwater practitioners and students with an interest in the design and performance of slug tests." -Joseph F. Botha, Institute for Groundwater Studies, University of the Free State Orange, Bloemfontein, South Africa

Table of Contents


The Slug Test-What Is It?

Why Is It So Prevalent?

But Skepticism Abounds…

Purpose of this Book


A Short Word on Terminology

The Design of Slug Tests

Chapter Overview

Well Construction

Well Development

Verification of Conventional Theory

Design Guidelines

The Performance of Slug Tests

Chapter Overview

Slug-Test Equipment

Test Initiation

Degree of Head Recovery

Performance Guidelines

Pre-analysis Processing

Chapter Overview

Pre-analysis Data Processing

Pre-analysis Processing Guidelines

The Analysis of Slug Tests-Confined Formations

Chapter Overview

Theoretical Models for the Analysis of Response Data

Slug Tests in Confined Formations

The Analysis of Slug Tests-Unconfined Formations

Chapter Overview

Slug Tests in Unconfined Formations

The Analysis of Slug Tests-Low-Conductivity Formations

Chapter Overview

Slug Tests in Log-Conductivity Formations

The Analysis of Slug Tests-High-Conductivity Formulations

Chapter Overview

Slug Tests in High-Conductivity Formations

The Analysis of Slug Tests-Well Skins

Chapter Overview

Slug Tests in the Presence of Well Skins

The Analysis of Slug Tests-Multiwell Tests

Chapter Overview

Multiwell Slug Tests

The Analysis of Slug Tests-Additional Issues

Chapter Overview

Slug Tests in Fractured Formations

Slug Tests in Naturally Heterogeneous Formations

Assessment of Prospective Observation Wells

The Analysis of Slug Tests-Guidelines

Chapter Overview

Analysis Guidelines

Final Comments

Appendix A: A Brief Discussion of Analysis Software

Appendix B: List of Notations


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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply