American cities are rediscovering the economic and social value of urban manufacturing. However, urban manufacturing is often invisible and poorly understood in terms of urban design, architecture, and policy. The Design of Urban Manufacturing brings a multidisciplinary approach to a new complex reality that urban manufacturing now sits squarely at the intersection of research, education, and neighborhood revitalization. Using cases studies from across North America and beyond, this book presents innovative approaches not only to the design of districts and buildings, but to the design of policy as well: the special roles that governments, local development corporations, and not-for-profit organizations all have to play in supporting manufacturing.
This book presents current models for working neighborhoods where factories enable fine-grained, mixed-use communities and face-to-face contact while creatively solving the very real problems of goods movement and functional buildings. Design guidelines and policy recommendations are calibrated to different types of production districts.
The Design of Urban Manufacturing is the essential resource for policy makers, designers, and students in urban design, planning, and urban and economic development.
Table of Contents
Introduction Part 1
Introduction Part 2: The State of Urban Manufacturing, Rob Lane and Nina Rappaport
Introduction Part 3: Interview with Greg Mark of Markforged
The Design of Districts: The Neighborhood as Factory
Chapter 1: Urban Design for the Manufacturing District, Robert Lane
Chapter 2: Manufacturing in the Innovation District, Janne Cormeil
Chapter 3: Settlement as Factory: Experience and Experiment in Milan and Italy, Giovanna Fossa
Chapter 4: Goods Movement for Urban Manufacturing, Alison Conway
Chapter 5: Mixed-Use Streets—A Conceptual Design Framework, New York City Department of City Planning
Chapter 6: Industry in Motion, Sarah Williams
The Design of Factories: The Architecture of the Places of Production
Chapter 7: Manufacturing Factory Spaces, Nina Rappaport
Chapter 8: Designing Today’s Factory—Representation and Functionalism, Frank Barkow
Chapter 9: The Potential for the Sustainable Urban Factory, Naomi Darling
Chapter 10: Spaces of Informal Production in China, Jonathan Bach and Stefan Al
Chapter 11: Producing production spaces for Industry 4.0, Nina Rappaport
Chapter 12: Changing Spaces in Urban Manufacturing, Alexander D’Hooghe and Kobi Ruthenberg (ORG), Adam Lubinsky and Paul van der Grient (WXY)
Chapter 13: Re-urbanizing the Box, Robert Lane
The Design of Policy: Making it Happen
Chapter 14: Considering Industry as Infrastructure: Policy to support spaces for urban manufacturing, Nina Rappaport
Chapter 15: Land Use Regulation for Manufacturing, John Shapiro and Beth Bingham
Chapter 16: Mixed-Use Neighborhoods—A Challenging Strategy For Maintaining Industry, Jenifer Becker and Adam Friedman
Chapter 17: The Federal Policy Context for Urban Manufacturing, Laura Wolf-Powers
Chapter 18: The New Manufacturing: The Innovation Economy, Andrew Kimball
Atlas: Places of Production and Design Strategies
Chapter 19: Atlas and Findings, Robert Lane
Robert N. Lane is Principal of Plan & Process LLC and is Senior Fellow for Urban Design at Regional Plan Association, where he directs the Regional Design Program, devoted to reforming the metropolitan landscape through research and place-based planning and design interventions. Industrial district design and redevelopment has been a particular area of focus for research, publications, exhibitions, and lecturing. Robert N. Lane was a Loeb Fellow at the Harvard Graduate School of Design during the 2008-2009 academic year; he was also a 2013 Fellow at the Design Trust for Public Space for the Making Midtown initiative.
Nina Rappaport is an architectural historian, curator, and educator. She focuses on industrial urbanism, infrastructure, and the role of the factory worker. She is author of Vertical Urban Factory (2015) which includes an exhibition and a think tank of the same name. She is co-editor of the Ezra Stoller: Photographer (2012) and author of Support and Resist: Structural Engineers and Design Innovation (2007). She is Publications Director at the Yale School of Architecture and was a Fellow of the Design Trust for Public Space in 2006. She is a Lecturer at the Michael Graves College of Public Architecture at Kean University, and has taught in other New York City area schools. She writes for numerous journals and lectures internationally.