Neoliberalism has had a major impact on schooling and education in the Developing World, with social repercussions that have affected the salaries of teachers, the number and type of potential students, the availability of education, the cost of education, and more. This edited collection argues that the privatization of public services and the capitalization and commodification of education have resulted in the establishment of competitive markets that are marked by selection, exclusion and inequality.
The contributors - academics and organization/social movement activists - examine aspects of neoliberal arguments focusing on low- and middle-income countries (including Chile, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, China, Pakistan, India, Turkey, Burkina Faso, Mozambique and South Africa), and suggest where they fall short. Their arguments center around the assumption that education is not a commodity to be bought and sold, as education and the capitalist market hold opposing goals, motivations, methods, and standards of excellence.
Foreword Dave Hill 1. Introduction Ellen Rosskam 2. Neoliberalism and Education in Latin America: Entrenched Problems, Emerging Alternatives Adam Davidson-Harden and Daniel Schugurensky 3. World Bank and the Privatization of Public Education: A Mexican Perspective Gian Carlo Delgado-Ramos and John Saxe-Fernández 4. Argentina: Growth, Height, and Crisis of Teachers’ Opposition to Neoliberal Reforms 1991-2001 Julián Gindin 5. Venezuela: Higher Education, Neoliberalism and Socialism Thomas Muhr and Antoni Verger 6. Legacy Against Possibility: 25 Years of Neo-liberal Policy in Chile Jill Pinkney Pastrana 7. A Class Perspective on the New Actors and Their Demands from the Turkish Education System Fuat Ercan and Ferda Uzunyayla 8. The Neo-Liberalization of Education Services (Not Including Higher Education): Impacts on Workers’ Socio-Economic Security, Access to Services, Democratic Accountability and Equity: A Case Study of Pakistan Ahmad Mukhtar 9. State, Inequality and Politics of Capital: The Neoliberal Scourge in Education Ravi Kumar 10. Global and Neoliberal Forces at Work in Education in Burkina Faso: The Resistance of Education Workers Touorouzou Hervé Somé 11. From “Abjectivity” to Subjectivity: Education Research and Resistance in South Africa Salim Vally, Enver Motala and Brian Ramadiro 12. Mozambique: Neocolonialism and the Remasculinization of Democracy João M. Paraskeva 13. From the State to the Market? China’s Education at a Crossroads Ka Ho Mok and Yat Wai Lo
Neoliberalism is degrading and destroying public education systems globally. The local characteristics may vary, the results are common - increased inequalities in schooling, vocational and higher education, inferior work conditions for teachers and faculty, and detheorized and technicized delivery systems of increasing conservative curricula at all levels of education. Neoliberalism - marketization, privatization, pre-privatization, commodification - is increasingly accompanied by forms of authoritarian conservatism - secular in some countries, religious in others - with increased control, surveillance, and forced abandonment of critique. Such neoliberal and conservative assaults on public education and on broader aims than those which are couched purely in terms of economic/human capital - meet with increased resistance by students, teachers, communities, social movements, and in some countries, political parties.
The Routledge Studies in Education, Neoliberalism, and Marxism series features books by new as well as established scholars that throw a harsh spotlight on the conditions under which education currently labors and offers analysis, hope, and resistance in the name of more collective, egalitarian education for social and for economic justice.