The nuclear arms race had dominated international politics for the two decades prior to publication. Originally published in 1975, this symposium examines the dynamics of change within the arms race and the attempts at controlling and limiting it.
At the time the nuclear arms race was strongly technologically determined, as Herbert York demonstrates in discussing the impact of MIRV. Such progress as has been made in nuclear disarmament has been far outdistanced by the technological developments so that, as Jack Ruina argues, SALT is only important when seen as part of a process of negotiating arms limitations. The most significant result of this technological advance has been the emergence of a qualitatively new system of international politics which Hans Morgenthau analyses. This system is essentially bipolar in nuclear terms and the history of the disarmament negotiations, as reviewed by William Epstein, is an exercise in freezing this structure.
The negotiations themselves, particularly SALT, and the prospects for further progress are discussed extensively by Thomas Schelling, Kosta Tsipis, George Rathjens and others.
The book also surveys developments in chemical and biological warfare and includes an important paper on chemical warfare agents by the Soviet chemist, O.A. Ruetov.
The final section looks at recent developments in the theory of conflict and its applications in the Middle East, South Africa and a number of developing countries.
Table of Contents
Preface. Summary of Proceedings J. Henk Leurdijk Part 1: The Nuclear Arms Race 1. The Origins of Mirv Herbert F. York 2. Anti-Submarine Warfare and Missile Submarines Kosta Tsipis 3. The Arms Race and Salt Jack Ruina 4. Some Political Aspects of Disarmament Hans J. Morgenthau 5. The Importance of Agreements Thomas Schelling 6. The Arms Race as Posturing Kosta Tsipis 7. Slowing Down the Arms Race George Rathjens 8. The Role of Deterrence in Disarmament Joseph Kashi 9. The Outlook for Disarmament William Epstein 10. Verification and Control Jules Moch 11. Main Issues in the Disarmament Negotiations Roberto Caracciolo 12. The Doctrine of Tactical Nuclear Warfare and Some Alternatives David Carlton 13. Contributions of Western Europe to Disarmament Francesco Cavalleti 14. Disarmament and International Law Milan Sahovic Part 2: Chemical and Biological Warfare 15. The Biological Disarmament Convention Jozef Goldblat 16. The Main Issues of the CW Debate Jozef Goldblat 17. Some Modern Problems Concerning the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Chemical Warfare Agents O.A. Reutov Part 3: Theory of Conflict and Some Regional Case Studies 18. A Comparative Approach to the Study of International Conflict Alan Dowty 19. Armaments and Development Peter Kodzic 20. Arms Control and Developing Countries William Gutteridge 21. International Guarantees with Special Reference to the Middle East Alan Dowty 22. Southern Africa: A Study in Conflict William Gutteridge. Contributors. List of Course Participants.
David Carlton, Carlo Schaerf