This two-volume set collects key essays examining economic theory, methods, and issues salient to agri-environmental policy in the US and in Europe, as well as in other countries. The topics under discussion are arranged thematically and include theoretical, numerical and empirical works; all are grounded in policy and economics. The introduction to these volumes reviews the evolution of agri-environmental policies, with an important focus on the history of US policy and European agri-environmental policy. A key feature within this is the importance of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the US, particularly its move towards more 'market-based incentives' from the 1980s onwards. Within the European context, the effects of the CAP (Common Agricultural Policy) on agri-environmental programmes and schemes within the member states, are discussed. Significantly, the essays republished here have provided the knowledge base that has influenced further applied work, creating an influential impact on policy development.
Table of Contents
Contents: Volume I: Introduction. Framing the Issues: Agriculture and the environment: a new strategic vision, David E. Ervin, C. Ford Runge, Elisabeth A. Graffy, Willis E. Anthony, Sandra S. Batie, Paul Faeth, Tim Penny and Tim Warmann; Agricultural conservation policy at a crossroads, Ralph E. Heimlich and Roger Claassen; Assessing the success of agri-environmental policy in the UK, Nick Hanley, Martin Whitby and Ian Simpson; Agricultural multifunctionality in the WTO - legitimate non-trade concern or disguised protectionism?, Clive Potter and Jonathan Burney. Theory: Agri-Environmental Problems: Land and water problems: an institutional perspective, Daniel W. Bromley; Interactions between agricultural and environmental policies: a conceptual framework, Richard E. Just and John M. Antle; Aggregate analysis of site-specific pollution problems: the case of groundwater contamination from agriculture, James J. Opaluch and Kathleen Segerson; Regulating environmental health risks under uncertainty: groundwater contamination in California, Erik Lichtenberg, David Zilberman and Kenneth T. Bogen; The allocative efficiency implications of water pollution abatement cost comparisons, James S. Shortle; Induced agricultural innovation and environmental quality: the case of groundwater regulation, Carlisle Ford Runge; An economic model of soil conservation, Kenneth E. McConnell; Political preference functions and public policy reform, Gordon C. Rausser and William E. Foster; Coevolutionary agricultural development, Richard B. Norgaard. Theory: Design of Agri-Environmental Policy Instruments: Economic instruments and environmental policy in agriculture, Alfons Weersink, John Livernois, Jason F. Shogren and James S. Shortle; Agricultural runoff as a nonpoint externality: a theoretical development, Ronald C. Griffin and Daniel W. Bromley; The relative efficiency of agricultural source water pollution control policies, James S. Shortle and James W. Dunn; non-point-source pollution