Examining books on different topics as these appeared during the Renaissance allows us to see developments in the use of graphics, the shift from orality to textuality, the expansion of knowledge, and rise of literacy, particularly among middle-class women readers, who were an important audience for many of these books. Changes in English Renaissance technical books provide a new, and as yet largely unexplored means of viewing the Renaissance and the dramatic changes that emerged during the 1475-1640 period, the first years of English printing.
Chapter 1—In Search of Our Past
The purpose of this book is to show that early English technical writing anticipates many of the same issues important to modern technical writing: writers were aware of the comprehension levels of their intended readers; many technical books were designed for ease of use. That is, they exemplified good page design as well as a structure and a style that would enhance the readability and usability of the information. Increasing use of graphics and visual aids to convey information enable modern researchers to track the shift from orality to textuality and from textuality to visual presentation as a means of conveying methods of performing work. English Renaissance technical books show the triumph of textual instruction over oral instruction.
Chapter 2—The Rise of Technical Writing in the English Renaissance
This chapter summarizes historical events that nurtured the growth of technical writing in the English Renaissance: the growth of wealth, the growth of knowledge, the advent of printing, the rise of humanism. The chapter also surveys examples of technical books produced throughout the Renaissance—medical books, books on farming and animal husbandry, books on gardening, books on household management and cooking, books on recreation, books on military science and navigation in addition to a variety of how to books covering technologies important to life in the English Renaissance.
Chapter 3—Format and Page Design in English Renaissance Technical Books: Early Recognition of Reader Context and Literacy Level
This chapter examines a number of technical books published from 1489 to 1640 to show changes in format—emergence of tables of contents, listing, bulleted lists, and use of Ramist dichotomies—bracketed tables, overviews, cause-effect analysis—in logic books, medical books, religious books, and even geography and culinary books.
Chapter 4—Renaissance Technical Books and Their Audiences: Writers Respond to Readers
Examining English Renaissance technical books also shows that their writers were aware of the information needs and the reading comprehension level of their readers. Analyzing the presentation methods used by these early technical writers reveals how they adapted material for these readers' information needs as well as the literacy level of these intended readers.
Chapter 5—English Renaissance Technical Writing and the Emergence of Plain Style: Toward a New Theory of the Development of Modern English Prose
The majority of studies of the rise of modern English have ignored technical books and their pervasive use of plain style. By considering technical books in addition to traditional canonical books considered in language study, we may thus question the view that no plain style of consequence existed prior to Bacon.
Chapter 6—From Orality to Textuality: Technical Description and the Emergence of Visual and Verbal Presentation.
Examining the first printed English technical books allows us to see how printing, the growth of knowledge, and the rise of literacy all worked in tandem. The merging of visual and verbal in technical books allows us to trace the demise of orality as a means of conveying knowledge in many fields.
Chapter 7—The Legacy of English Renaissance Technical Writing: New Perspectives on Basic Rhetorical Issues
This book and its survey of technical writing in the English Renaissance allow modern technical writing teachers and researchers to see that many of our modern concerns evolved during the first century of printing. Examining early forms of technical writing shows that technical writing has a long and honorable history and a tradition that has implications for modern assessments of language and style.