The Enlightenment of Thomas Beddoes: Science, medicine, and reform, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Enlightenment of Thomas Beddoes

Science, medicine, and reform, 1st Edition

By Trevor Levere, Larry Stewart, Hugh Torrens, Joseph Wachelder

Routledge

264 pages

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Description

Thomas Beddoes (1760-1808) lived in ‘decidedly interesting times’ in which established orders in politics and science were challenged by revolutionary new ideas. Enthusiastically participating in the heady atmosphere of Enlightenment debate, Beddoes' career suffered from his radical views on politics and science. Denied a professorship at Oxford, he set up a medical practice in Bristol in 1793. Six years later - with support from a range of leading industrialists and scientists including the Wedgwoods, Erasmus Darwin, James Watt, James Keir and others associated with the Lunar Society - he established a Pneumatic Institution for investigating the therapeutic effects of breathing different kinds of ‘air’ on a wide spectrum of diseases.

The treatment of the poor, gratis, was an important part of the Pneumatic Institution and Beddoes, who had long concerned himself with their moral and material well-being, published numerous pamphlets and small books about their education, wretched material circumstances, proper nutrition, and the importance of affordable medical facilities. Beddoes’ democratic political concerns reinforced his belief that chemistry and medicine should co-operate to ameliorate the conditions of the poor. But those concerns also polarized the medical profession and the wider community of academic chemists and physicians, many of whom became mistrustful of Beddoes’ projects due to his radical politics.

Highlighting the breadth of Beddoes’ concerns in politics, chemistry, medicine, geology, and education (including the use of toys and models), this book reveals how his reforming and radical zeal were exemplified in every aspect of his public and professional life, and made for a remarkably coherent program of change. He was frequently a contrarian, but not without cause, as becomes apparent once he is viewed in the round, as part of the response to the politics and social pressures of the late Enlightenment.

Reviews

"I found each of the essays interesting and stimulating, well-presented and well-researched." - Brian Vincent, University of Bristol

Table of Contents

Introduction

Trevor Levere, Larry Stewart

1. Chemistry, Consumption and Reform

Trevor Levere

2. Geology and Natural History

Hugh Torrens

3. A Jacobin Cloven Hoof

Larry Stewart

4. Book Collector, Library Cormorant and Critic

Trevor Levere

5. Models, Toys and the Struggle for Educational Reform

Hugh Torrens and Joseph Wachelder

Appendix 1. The Mystery of Dr. John Edmonds Stock, Beddoes' first biographer

Hugh Torrens

Appendix 2. Beddoes’ Borrowings from the Bristol Library Society

Trevor Levere

Index

About the Authors

Trevor Levere is University Professor Emeritus in the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto, Canada.

Larry Stewart is a Professor in the Department of History, University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

Hugh S. Torrens is Emeritus Professor of History of Science and Technology at Keele University, UK.

Joseph Wachelder is an Associate Professor in the Department of History, Maastricht University, the Netherlands.

About the Series

Science, Technology and Culture, 1700-1945

Science, Technology and Culture, 1700-1945 focuses on the social, cultural, industrial and economic contexts of science and technology from the ‘scientific revolution’ up to the Second World War. Publishing lively, original, innovative research across a broad spectrum of subjects and genres by an international list of authors, the series has a global compass that concerns the development of modern science in all regions of the world. Subjects may range from close studies of particular sciences and problems to cultural and social histories of science, technology and biomedicine; accounts of scientific travel and exploration; transnational histories of scientific and technological change; monographs examining instruments, their makers and users; the material and visual cultures of science; contextual studies of institutions and of individual scientists, engineers and popularizers of science; and well-edited volumes of essays on themes in the field.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS054000
HISTORY / Social History
MED039000
MEDICAL / History
SCI034000
SCIENCE / History