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The Ethical Animal





ISBN 9781138956834
Published April 11, 2016 by Routledge
218 Pages

 
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Book Description

First published in 1960, this book discusses the ethical implications of the view of man’s nature and his place in the biological world. C. H. Waddington highlights issues of the time, such as social upheavals related to social mobility, and the changing nature of philosophical thinking in relation to the nature of good.

The author argues that man differs from all other animals in his ability for social teaching and learning and that this provides him with a second method of evolutionary advance, in addition to biology. He advances this through the idea that man has the capacity to entertain ethical ideas, which is an essential and necessary feature of this new mode of evolution. From here he draws the conclusion that a consideration of the broad trends of evolution provides a framework within which we can rationally discuss the relative merits of the various systems of ethical belief current in the world.

In presenting his argument, Waddington draws on research in biology, psychology, the social sciences, and philosophy. He concludes with a short consideration of some of the most important ethical problems facing mankind at the time of the book’s publication.

Table of Contents

Preface  1. The Importance of Ethics  2. Human Value and Biological Wisdom  3. Squaring the Vienna Circle  4. The Relevance of Developmental Facts  5. The ‘Naturalistic Fallacy’  6. The Concept of Function  7. The Possibility of Evolutionary Theory  8. The Shape of Biological Thought; or the Virtues of Vicious Circles  9. The Biological Evolutionary System  10. The Human Evolutionary System  11. The Course of Evolutionary Progress  12. The Evolution of the Socio-genetic System  13. Human Evolution and the Fall of Man  14. Freedom and Reason  15. Understanding and Believing  16. Biological Wisdom and the Problems of Today;  References;  Index

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