The European External Action Service and National Foreign Ministries: Convergence or Divergence?, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The European External Action Service and National Foreign Ministries

Convergence or Divergence?, 1st Edition

Edited by Rosa Balfour, Caterina Carta, Kristi Raik


258 pages

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Based on extensive empirical work by a cross-European group of researchers, this book assesses the impact of the creation of the European External Action Service (EEAS) on the national foreign policy-making processes and institutions of the EU member states. As such, the contributions cover both the involvement of the national diplomatic and foreign policy actors in shaping the outlook of the EEAS and its mission, as well as the changes (or not) it has produced for those actors of the member states. The analysis draws in theoretical frameworks from Europeanization and socialization, but also from intergovernmental frameworks of policy-making within the European Union.

An introduction by the editors outlines the issues and trends examined in the book and establishes the theoretical and methodological framework. Split into 2 sections, Part I: EEAS and national diplomacies as part of global and European structures has contributions by Richard Whitman, Rosa Balfour, Christian Lequesne, Caterina Carta and Simon Duke. Part II: National diplomacies shaping and being shaped by the EEAS is covered by Daniel Fiott, Fabien Terpan, Cornelius Adebahr, Andrea Frontini, Ignacio Molina and Alicia Sorroza, Laura C. Ferreira-Pereira, Alena Vysotskaya G. Vieira and Louise van Schaik, Grzegorz Gromadzki, Mark Rhinard, Jakob Lewander and Sara Norrevik, Sabina Kajnc Lange, Ruby Gropas and George Tzogopoulos, Vit Beneš and Kristi Raik. This book is much needed, especially in an era when the EU is trying to pull its weight in the international sphere (e.g. Syria, Iran, the Arab Spring, Chinese relations and emerging powers) but also at a time when the EU is trying to recalibrate its institutional structure in light of the current financial predicaments and questions on the democratic legitimacy of the European project.


"This is a wide-ranging and stimulating review of the European External Action Service and of the impact it is having on the national diplomacies of EU Member States. A robust framework based on ideas of Europeanisation and adaptation and a series of sharply focused essays by experts make this essential reading for researchers and teachers in this area."

Michael Smith, Loughborough University, UK

"Provides us with a fine-grained family picture� of European diplomacy at a crucial moment in time when the EEAS and national diplomatic networks are aiming for a new balance after rocky early beginnings. An excellent source of important information for anybody interested in European foreign policy."

Federica Bicchi, London School of Economics, UK

"The EEAS and National Foreign Ministries is an important contribution to an under-studied topic. The methodology applied in order to look at the positions of the Member States (semi-structured elite interviews and process-tracing) permits to develop a compelling argument and confirms the expectations of European experts. … a complete work and very accessible despite the complexity of foreign-policy making in the EU."


Table of Contents


Rosa Balfour, Caterina Carta and Kristi Raik

Part I: The EEAS and National Diplomacies as Part of Global and Eruopean Structures

1. Europe's Changing Place in the World and Challenes to European Diplomacy

Richard Whitman

2. Change and Continuity: A Decade of Evolution of EU Foreign Policy and the Creation of the European External Action Service

Rosa Balfour

3. At the Centre of Coordination: Staff, Resources and Procedures in the European External Action Service and in the Delegations

Christian Lequesne

4. Inside the European External Action Service's Institutional Sinews: An Institutional and Organizational Analysis

Caterina Carta and Simon Duke

Part II: National Diplomacies Shaping and Being Shaped by the EEAS

5. 'Our Man in Brussels'. The UK and the EEAS: Ambivalence and Influence

Daniel Fiott

6. France: Between National Grandeur and the European Commitment

Fabien Terpan

7. Germany: The Instinctive Integrationist Occassionally Going Intergovernmental

Cornelius Adebahr

8. Spain and Italy: The 'Europeanization' Strategies of Two Middle Powers

Andrea Frontini, Salvador Llaudes, Ignacio Molina and Alicia Sorroza

9. Portugal and the Netherlands: Punching Above Their Weight?

Laura C. Ferreira-Pereira, Alena Vysotskaya G. Vieira and Louise van Schaik

10. Cases of Cautious Optimism: Sweden, Poland and the EEAS

Grzegorz Gromadzki, Jakob Lewander, Sara Norrevik and Mark Rhinard

11. Greece and Slovenia: National Diplomacies with Limited Means

Ruby Gropas, Sabina Kajnč Lange and George Tzogopoulos

12. The Czech Republic, Estonia and Finland: European Vocation Re-Confirmed?

Vit Beneš and Kristi Raik

Conclusions: Adaptation to the EU or to the Changing Global Context?

Rosa Balfour, Caterina Carta and Kristi Raik

About the Editors

Rosa Balfour is Head of the Europe in the World Programme at the European Policy Centre (EPC) in Brussels. Prior to joining the EPC in 2007, she was a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Studies in International Politics (CeSPI) in Rome. She holds an MA in History from Cambridge University, and an MSc in European Studies and a PhD in International Relations, both from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Caterina Carta, is lecturer at Vesalius College and associate researcher at the Institute of European Studies (IES) at the ULB. She holds a PhD in Comparative and European Politics from the University of Siena.

Kristi Raik is Senior Research Fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) and Adjunct Professor at the University of Turku. Prior to joining FIIA in 2011, she served inter alia as an official at the Directorate-General for External and Politico-Military Affairs in the General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union and as a Visiting Fellow at the Centre for European Policy Studies. She holds both a Masters and a PhD in Social Sciences from the University of Turku.

About the Series

Globalisation, Europe, and Multilateralism

Established and edited by Professor Mario Teló (ULB & LUISS) and Frederik Ponjaert (ULB & Waseda), the Institut d’Études Européennes at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (IEE-ULB) sponsored GEM Series published by Routledge brings together original peer-reviewed publications on: "Globalisation, Europe, and Multilateralism"

The series offers an interdisciplinary platform for original peer-reviewed publications on the institutions, norms and practices associated with Globalisation, Multilateralism and the European Union. Each published volume delves into a given dynamic shaping either the global-regional nexus or the role of the EU therein. It offers original insights into: globalisation and its associated governance challenges; the changing forms of multilateral cooperation and the role of transnational networks; the impact of new global powers and the corollary multipolar order; the lessons born from comparative regionalism and interregional partnerships; as well as the distinctive instruments the EU mobilises in its foreign policies and external relations.

The GEM Series’ edited volumes, monographs and textbooks all aim at contributing to further innovation in the fields of European Integration and International Studies. An International Advisory Board with leading scholars from across all five continents further supports the series with input and guidance.

Proposals for, and any contact about, the series in the first instance should be addressed to:

Series editor Professor Mario Teló [email protected]

Series Manager Dr Frederik Ponjaert [email protected]

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / World / European