This report, first published in 1985, written by a distinguished group of legal and public policy experts, documents the growing trade in hazardous industries and toxic products. Hazard export threatens the health and environment of workers and ordinary citizens the world over. It is carried out by transnational corporations, in order to locate their most dangerous industrial activities outside the US, in countries where regulatory controls may be less strict.
The issues represented here include occupational safety, environmental protection, international relations and problems of legal control. Attention is focused on the political and economic impact of hazard export on the US, Europe and developing countries, and the book’s critical analysis is addressed directly to the institutional level best suited to constructive action. This title will be of interest to students of business studies.
Table of Contents
Foreword Ralph Nader; Editor’s Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. Hazardous Exports: A Consumer Perspective Susan B. King 2. A Review of US and International Restrictions on Exports of Hazardous Substances Andrew B. Waldo 3. Hazard Export: Ethical Problems, Policy Proposals and Prospects for Implementation Ruth Ruttenberg 4. Exporting Hazardous Industries: "For Example" is Not Proof Charles Levenstein and Stanley W. Eller 5. The Double Standard in Industrial Hazards Barry I. Castleman Response to Levenstein-Eller Critique Barry I. Castleman 6. Occupational Health and the Economic Development of Latin America David Michaels, Clara Barrera and Manuel G. Gacharna 7. Hazard Export in the Developing Irish Republic Jane H. Ives 8. Policy Issues in Technology Transfer Nicholas A. Ashford 9. Remedies against Hazardous Exports: Compensation, Products Liability and Criminal Sanctions Shelia Jasanoff 10. Export of Hazardous Industries: The View from a Local Union in the United States James L. Weeks 11. Future Directions for US Public Policy Initiatives on Hazard Export Issues David F. Noble 12. The Health Effects of the Transfer of Technology to the Developing World: Report and Case Studies Jane H. Ives Export of Hazardous Products from the United States: A Bibliography Rashid A. Shaikh Appendix: The Bhopal Disaster as a Case Study in Double Standards Barry I. Castleman and Prabir Purkavastha; Index