1st Edition

The External Dimension of the European Union’s Critical Infrastructure Protection Programme From Neighbouring Frameworks to Transatlantic Cooperation

Edited By Alessandro Lazari, Robert Mikac Copyright 2022
    336 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    336 Pages 8 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    External Dimension of the European Union’s Critical Infrastructure Protection Programme: From Neighboring Frameworks to Transatlantic Cooperation provides the basis, methodological framework, and first comprehensive analysis of the current state of the external dimension European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection.

    The challenges at the EU level are multidimension insofar as identifying, designating and protecting critical infrastructures with the ultimate goal of harmonizing different national policies of the Member States and creating the identity of the European Union in this arena. Modern society has become so reliant on various sectors of critical infrastructure—energy, telecommunications, transport, finance, ICT, and public services—that any disruption may lead to serious failures that impact individuals, society, and the economy. The importance of critical infrastructures grows with the industrial development of global and national communities; their interdependence and resiliency is increasingly important given security threats including terrorism, natural disaster, climate change and pandemic outbreak

    In the area of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Resilience, the European Union is constantly committed to setting the objectives for the Member States. At the same time, the European Commission promotes the importance of a common approach to Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP), and ensure cooperation beyond the borders of the Union, while also cooperating with neighboring countries, including those soon willing to join the European Union.

    This book has been structured and written to contribute to current critical infrastructures, resilience policy development and discussions about regional and international cooperation. It serves as a reference for those countries willing to initiate cooperation and that therefore demand deeper knowledge on the security cultures and frameworks of their potential partners.


    • Provides an unprecedented analysis of the national frameworks of 14 neighboring countries of the EU, plus the United States and Canada
    • Overcomes the language barriers to provide an overall picture of the state of play of the countries considered
    • Outlines the shaping of national critical infrastructure protection frameworks to understanding the importance of service stability and continuity
    • Presents guidelines to building a comprehensive and flexible normative framework
    • Addresses the strategic and operational importance of international co-operation on critical infrastructure including efforts in CIP education and training
    • Provides insight to institutions and decision-makers on existing policies and ways to improve the European security agenda

    The book explains and advocates for establishing stronger, more resilient systems to preserve functionalities at the local, national, and international levels. Security, industry, and policy experts—both practitioners and policy decision-makers—looking for answers will find the solutions they seek within this book.

    I Introduction 1: Introduction and Methodology 2: The External Dimension of the European Union's Critical Infrastructure Protection: From Neighboring Policy to Translatlantic Cooperation 3: Republic of Croatia: Terms of Reference for Neighboring Coutries II: EU Enlargement Agenda 4: Turkey 5: Boznia and Herzegovina 6: Serbia 7: Montenegro 8: North Macedonia 9: Albania 10: Kosova III: Eastern Partnership 11: Ukraine 12: Belarus 13: Moldova 14: Georgia 15: Armenia 16: Azerbaijan IV: Translatlantic Cooperation 17: United States of America 18: Canada V: Overview and Conclusion 19: Analysis of All Countries' Approach 20: Conclusion


    Alessandro Lazari is Senior Key Account Manager at F24 in Germany. He has worked as a specialist on critical infrastructure protection, resilience and cybersecurity since 2004. He holds a Master's degree in Law (University of Bologna) and a Ph.D. in computer engineering, multimedia and telecommunications (University of Florence). Between 2010 and 2019, in his role of Scientific Officer for the European Commission’ Joint Research Centre, he worked on policy support to the "European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP)," to "Strengthening Europe’s Cyber Resilience System and Fostering a Competitive and Innovative Cybersecurity Industry." He has also contributed to some of the initiatives related to the "external dimension of the EPCIP."

    Alessandro is a fellow in Legal Informatics at the School of Law of the University of Lecce, Italy, a lecturer on the course "Protecting Critical Infrastructures" at NATO’s Centre of Excellence Defence Against Terrorism (COEDAT) and co-founded the Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience (CRISR) at the University of Salento, Italy. He is the author of the book European Critical Infrastructure Protection (2014).

    Robert Mikac is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Political Science of the University of Zagreb in the area of Social Sciences, Field of Political Science, Subfield International Relations and National Security. Areas of his interest and expertise are: International Relations; International and National Security; Security Management; Crisis and Disaster Management; Civil Protection; Afghanistan; Privatization of Security, Critical Infrastructure Protection and Resilience; Migrations and Security. He is the author and co-author of six books and more than forty scientific articles. At the previous workplace in National Protection and Rescue Directorate was in charge of affairs related to critical infrastructure, and from 2012 till 2015 the national point of contact for critical infrastructure. Prior to his academic career, he served in various positions within the Croatian security sector from the operational to the strategic level in the country and internationally. Among other things, he served in the NATO ISAF mission in Afghanistan. For merit in Afghanistan he was awarded with the NATO Medal and the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.