During the 1940s and 1950s, Islamic reformism flourished in Iran. This book examines how Iranian Islamic groups came to rethink traditional accounts of religion and nurture a politicized version of Islam. The author shows how similar social and political circumstances, but different family and educational backgrounds gave rise to socialist, democratic/scientific and fundamentalist/militant reinterpretations of Islam. What was common among these groups was a tendency towards politicizing the religion. A significant contribution to discussions of contemporary political thought in Iran, this book will be of interest to researchers and academics of Islamic political though and Iranian politics and history.
Introduction Part 1 The Socialist Theists 1. History 2. Reforming Islamic Thought: Reconciling Islam and Socialism 3. The Methodology of Reforming Islamic Thought 4. The Historical and Intellectual Context of the Formation of the Socialist Theists' Views Conclusion Part 2 The Iran Freedom Movement 5. History 6. A New Approach to Islam: A Worldly Islam 7. The Methodology of Working Out the New Approach 8. Formative Factors in Bazargan's Approach to Islam Conclusion Part 3 The Society of the Devotees of Islam 9. History 10. A Militant Approach to Islam 11. Social and Political Factors Influencing Fada'iyan's Thought Conclusion Conclusion Afterword Glossary
This series provides a forum for the latest research on all aspects of political Islam. It includes a range of approaches and studies on individuals, movements, theory and practice.