The Foundation and Evolution of a Lobbying Organization: John Gardner’s Interest Group Design, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Foundation and Evolution of a Lobbying Organization

John Gardner’s Interest Group Design, 1st Edition

By Marcie Reynolds


224 pages

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Hardback: 9780367192716
pub: 2019-07-01
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In Interest Group Design, Marcie L. Reynolds examines the evolution of Common Cause, the first national government reform lobby. Founded in 1970 by John W. Gardner, the organization gained influence with Congress and established an organizational culture that lasted several decades. External and internal environmental changes led to mounting crises and by 2000 Common Cause's survival was in question. Yet fifteen years later Common Cause is a renewed organization, with evidence of revival across the United States. Empirical evidence suggests how Common Cause changed its interest group design but kept its identity in order to survive. 

Utilizing a mixed-methods approach to frame and analyze the history of Common Cause, Reynolds provides a lens for studying how key aspects of the U.S. political system—interest groups, collective action, lobbying, and representation—work as environments change. She extends work by previous scholars Andrew S. McFarland (1984) and Lawrence Rothenberg (1992) creating a sequence of analytical research about one interest group spanning almost fifty years, a unique contribution to political science.    

This thoroughly researched and comprehensive book will be of great interest to those who study political participation and organizational change.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Gardner’s Influence—Rules of the Game (1970 to 1995)

3. Crises—The Game Changes (mid-1990s to 2007)

4. Renewal—Playing by New Rules (2007-2015)

5. Pockets of Revitalization—Illinois and Texas Comparison

6. Commitment to Campaign Finance Reform

7. Representing a Public Interest

8. Conclusion


Appendix A

Appendix B

Appendix C

Appendix D

About the Author

Marcie L. Reynolds is a faculty member at Tarleton State University, Texas. Her research interests and community service center around civic engagement and increasing citizens' understanding of, and involvement with, the governing structures that surround them.

About the Series

Routledge Research in American Politics and Governance

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / World / European