The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem, Third Edition, 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Fungal Community

Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem, Third Edition

Edited by John Dighton, James F. White

© 2005 – CRC Press

960 pages | 7 Color Illus. | 117 B/W Illus.

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About the Book

The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem, Third Edition addresses many of the questions related to the observations, characterizations, and functional attributes of fungal assemblages and their interaction with the environment and other organisms. This edition promotes awareness of the functional methods of classification over taxonomic methods, and approaches the concept of fungal communities from an ecological perspective, rather than from a fungicentric view. It has expanded to examine issues of global and local biodiversity, the problems associated with exotic species, and the debate concerning diversity and function.

The third edition also focuses on current ecological discussions - diversity and function, scaling issues, disturbance, and invasive species - from a fungal perspective. In order to address these concepts, the book examines the appropriate techniques to identify fungi, calculate their abundance, determine their associations among themselves and other organisms, and measure their individual and community function. This book explains attempts to scale these measures from the microscopic cell level through local, landscape, and ecosystem levels. The totality of the ideas, methods, and results presented by the contributing authors points to the future direction of mycology.


"…a number of chapters provide excellent summaries of the modern methods available for studying fungal ecology, along with those more traditional methods that are still extremely valuable…overall it is a hugely valuable compendium of fungal ecology research. It is a must for the library shelf, and at its reasonable price I highly recommend it for purchase by any researcher with an interest in fungi and the environment."

-Lynne Boddy, Cardi University, UK, Mycological Research, 2006

"These 44 chapters are an excellent starting point for anyone interested in fungal communities, in the broadest sense of the term. It is a book for dipping into…may be the last comprehensive treatment of fungal communities before the molecular revolution."

-Meriel Jones, University of Liverpool, UK, Microbiology Today

"… the scope of the work is tremendous. The editors have done an admirable job of assembling authors whose combined writings convey current ideas in fungal ecology while still managing to introduce mycologists and ecologists to the concepts and historical context of each others’ work. Excellent chapters providing overviews of methods … provide a snap shot of the current approaches used to understand fungal communities at several levels of organization. This book should probably be on the shelf of every student of mycology, and many ecologists too. For all students, this book should be a valuable resource and source of inspiration."

— Daniel Henk, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Dept. of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London in Inoculum, Vol. 59, No. 3, May 2008

"Thorough taxonomic and subject indices further aid the reader in navigating through multiple authors’ treatments of subjects of interest. Well provisioned bibliographies are another useful addition. … this book would be a handy reference for researchers … ."

— Anthony Amend, Department of Botany, University of Hawai at Manoa in Economic Botany, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2007

Table of Contents

Introduction, J. Dighton, J.F. White, Jr., and P. Oudemans


Linking Function between Scales of Resolution, S.J. Morris and G.P. Robertson

Fungal Communities: Their Diversity and Distribution, D.L. Hawksworth and G.M. Mueller

Freshwater Fungal Communities, F. Bärlocher

Marine Fungal Communities, T. Kis-Papo

Tropical Fungi, K.D. Hyde, L. Cai, and R. Jeewon

Lichens and Microfungi in Biological Soil Crusts: Community Structure, Physiology, and Ecological Functions, J. Belnap and O.L. Lange

Mycorrhizal Fungi in Successional Environments: A Community Assembly Model Incorporating Host Plant, Environmental, and Biotic Filters, A. Jumpponen and L.M. Egerton-Warburton

Fungal Communities: Relation to Resource Succession, J.-F. Ponge

Emerging Perspectives on the Ecological Roles of Endophytic Fungi in Tropical Plants, S.A. Van Bael, Z. Maynard, E. Rojas, L.C. Mejia, D.A. Kyllo, and E.A. Herre, N. Robbins, J.F. Bischoff, and A.E. Arnold

Classical Methods and Modern Analysis for Studying Fungal Diversity, J.P. Schmit and D.J. Lodge

Fungal Diversity in Molecular Terms: Profiling, Identification, and

Quantification in the Environment, M.I. Bidartondo and M. Gardes

Analytical and Experimental Methods for Estimating Population Genetic Structure of Fungi, J. Zhan and B.A. McDonald

Interspecific Interaction Terminology: From Mycology to General Ecology, A.R. Tuininga


Fungal Activity as Determined by Microscale Methods with Special Emphasis on Interactions with Heavy Metals, K. Turnau and I. Kottke

Exploring Fungal Activity with Confocal and Multiphoton Microscopy, K.J. Czymmek

Enzymatic Activities of Mycelia in Mycorrhizal Fungal Communities, B.D. Lindahl, R.D. Finlay, and J.W.G. Cairney

Fungal Enzymes at the Community Scale, R.L. Sinsabaugh

Using Isotopic Tracers to Follow Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling of Fungi, E.A. Hobbie

Diversity-Functioning Relationships in Ectomycorrhizal Fungal Communities, J.W. Baxter and J. Dighton

Fungi, Bacteria, and Viruses as Pathogens of the Fungal Community, D.Y. Kobayashi and B.I. Hillman

Fungal Endophytes in Terrestrial Communities and Ecosystems, J.A. Rudgers and K. Clay

Mechanisms of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Mediation of Plant-Plant Interactions, J.D. Bever and P.A. Schultz

Impacts of Plant Pathogenic Fungi on Plant Communities, E.M. Hansen and J.K. Stone

The Epichloë Endophytes of Grasses and the Symbiotic Continuum, C.L. Schardl and A. Leuchtmann

Evolutionary Development of the Clavicipitaceae, J.F. Bischoff and J.F. White, Jr.

Ecological Fitness Factors for Fungi within the Balansieae and Clavicipiteae, C.W. Bacon and P. Lyons

Fungal Communities of Seaweeds, A. Zuccaro and J.I. Mitchell

Trophic Interactions of Fungi and Animals, L. Ruess and J. Lussenhop

Sporocarp Mycophagy: Nutritional, Behavioral, Evolutionary, and Physiological Aspects, A.W. Claridge and J. M. Trappe

Hypogeous Fungi: Evolution of Reproductive and Dispersal Strategies through Interactions with Animals and Mycorrhizal Plants, J.M. Trappe and A.W. Claridge


Human Impacts on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: An Overview, M.J. Swift

Oligotrophic Growth of Fungi, M. Wainwright

Fungal Communities of Desert Ecosystems: Links to Climate Change, John Zak

Symbiotic Lifestyle Expression by Fungal Endophytes and the Adaptation of Plants to Stress: Unraveling the Complexities of Intimacy, R.J. Rodriguez, R.S. Redman, and J.M. Henson

Biological Soil Crusts and Global Changes: What Does the Future Hold? J. Belnap and O.L. Lange

Nutrient Acquisition Strategies of Fungi and Their Relation to Elevated Atmospheric CO2, K.K. Treseder

Toxic Metals and Fungal Communities, M. Fomina, E.P. Burford, and G. M. Gadd

Radionuclides and Fungal Communities, N.N. Zhdanova, V.A. Zakharchenko, and K. Haselwandter

How Do Composition, Structure, and Function of Mycorrhizal Fungal Communities Respond to Nitrogen Deposition and Ozone Exposure?

E.A. Lilleskov

Micromycete Associations in the Rhizosphere of Steppe and Agrophytocenose Plants, E. Golovko and N. Ellanska

Fungal Communities of Agroecosystems, M.E. Stromberger

Effects of Forest Management on Fungal Communities, D.M. Durall, M.D. Jones, and K.J. Lewis

Exotic Species and Fungi: Interactions with Fungal, Plant, and Animal Communities, D.M. Rizzo


Fungal Conservation: Some Impressions - A Personal View, R. Watling

About the Series


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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General