The Future of Policing: A Practical Guide for Police Managers and Leaders, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Future of Policing

A Practical Guide for Police Managers and Leaders, 1st Edition

By Joseph A. Schafer, Michael E. Buerger, Richard W. Myers, Carl J. Jensen III, Bernard H. Levin

CRC Press

432 pages | 2 B/W Illus.

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Paperback: 9781439837955
pub: 2011-08-08
Hardback: 9781138415881
pub: 2017-07-27
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pub: 2017-07-27
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As communities continue to undergo rapid demographic shifts that modify their composition, culture, and collective values, police departments serving those communities must evolve accordingly in order to remain effective. The Future of Policing: A Practical Guide for Police Managers and Leaders provides concrete instruction to agencies on how to promote successful policing by proceeding on a course informed by future trends and emerging community forces.

Explores critical variables necessary for decision-making

Designed for typical police departments with common structures, problems, and opportunities, this book offers a unique juxtaposition of real-life examples, futures research, emergent trends, and management implications. Each chapter provides a discussion of the professional literature, current and projected trends, and situations faced by agency executives and leaders. Through this multidimensional and contemporaneous approach, the book explores community and political variables crucial to the decision-making process. It describes methods that managers can employ to explore the future and prepare their agencies for possible, probable, and preferable trends and opportunities.

Provides specific, concrete examples

Drawn from the authors’ research, as well as their own instructional and practical experience in the policing profession, this volume goes beyond esoteric, theoretical analysis and instead provides practical and well-grounded strategies for those who aspire to become police managers or current managers wishing to improve their proficiency. Using futures research and methodologies as the foundation for the text, this volume prepares practitioners to meet the challenges of policing and police management in the 21st century.


"This well-crafted book, replete with anecdotes, systematically addresses issues such as technology, hiring practices, training, budgets, labor relations, evolving communities, and post 9-11 trends that challenge today’s police departments. The reader will come away with a wealth of information from sections in the book called ‘Voices from the Field.’ These are the words of law enforcement professionals who have shared their experiences, which augment the authors’ own perspectives. … Written specifically for law enforcement executives and police officers striving for advancement, this book will also encourage those dedicated to promoting the police profession through the use of foresight to continue with their futurist ideology."

—Dr. Brian L. Royster, Saint Peter’s University, in Security Management

Table of Contents

Setting the Stage

Challenges in Police Organizations

Leadership, Management, Supervision, and Administration

Problems with the Present Police Organizational Model

An Analysis of Failure

The Potential Benefits of Futures Studies for Policing

Five Key Themes

The Emergence of Futures Thinking Within and About

American Policing

The Organization of This Book

Futures Thinking and Research

The Acceleration of Change

What Is Futures Studies?

A Short History of Futures Research

Futures Studies as a Leadership Tool

Methods of Forecasting the Future

Future Trends

Technological Trends

Demographic Trends

Economic Trends

Social and Community Trends

Political Trends

What Does All This Mean for Policing?


The Police and the Community

The Evolving Nature of Community

Communication Technology and Community

Communication Technology and Policing

Social Networking Tools and Social Engagement

Policing Implications of Social Networking

Involving Communities in Policing

Trust, Transparency, and Leadership

Challenges and Opportunities Created by the Changing

Nature of Community

Boundaries: Disappearing, Reemerging, and Merging

Three Examples in High Relief

Why Boundaries?

Technologies and Policing

Jurisdiction, Mandates, and Threats

The Influence of Money

Federal vs. Local Responsibilities




External Oversight and Influence

The Future of Crime

Economic Drivers

Health Care



The Drug War

A Problem of Identity

Gang-Based Crime

Other Trends in Crime and Policing




Citizen Resilience

On the Beat


Future Law and Governance Considerations

What Works in Policing? Evidence-Based Operations

Predictive Policing

Police Personnel: Culture, Hiring, and Development

Cultural Forces




Employee Development


Organizational Solutions

Mission, Vision, and Values

Economic Realities in Policing

Managing through Tough Times

Employee Input

Organizational Evaluation

Policy Development and Accreditation

Progressive Approaches to Employee Discipline

Opportunities Emerging through Change

Leadership and Care

From Where Will Future Police Leaders Emerge?

On The Horizon: The Police Organization of the Future

A Brief Look Backward

Structures and Processes

Maximizing the Power of Generations

Eligibility for Employment

Creating a Preferred Culture

The Nexus between Training and Education

Purposive Career Development

Radical Change

Putting It All Together

Revisiting the Book’s Themes

Other Considerations for the Future

Wild Cards

Leveraging Culture

The Role of Community

Using the Leadership GPS to Navigate into the Future

Practical Strategies

Reconceptualizing Police Management and Leadership to

Create Better Policing

Appendix: Principles of the Wheaton Police Department

About the Authors/Editor

Joseph A. Schafer is a faculty member in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Dr. Schafer’s research focuses on policing, organizational change, leadership, communities and crime, citizen perceptions of police, and futures research in policing. He was the 2006–2007 President of Police Futurists International, is a member of the PFI/FBI Futures Working Group, serves on the advisory board for the Public Safety Leadership Development Consortium, and was a visiting scholar in the Behavioral Science Unit of the FBI Academy (2006–2008).

Michael E. Buerger is an associate professor of criminal justice at Bowling Green State University. As field director for the Minneapolis office of the Crime Control Institute, he was the onsite manager for two experiments funded by the National Institute of Justice, the problem-oriented RECAP Experiment and the Hot Spots of Crime Experiment, that reexamined the conclusions of the Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment. He was research director for the Jersey City (NJ) Police Department under another NIJ program, the Locally Initiated Research initiative.

Richard W. Myers has served in policing since 1977. First appointed as a police chief in 1984, his leadership experience includes service as chief of police at two departments in his native Michigan, along with agencies in Illinois, Wisconsin, and, since 2007, as chief of the Colorado Springs, CO, police. He is a past president of the Wisconsin Chiefs of Police Association, the Society of Police Futurists International, and has served on the Board of the Colorado Association of Chiefs of Police and the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF). Myers serves as Commissioner on the Commission for Accreditation of Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA).

Carl J. Jensen III is a 1978 graduate of the US Naval Academy. Dr. Jensen graduated from FBI New Agents Training in 1984 and served as a field agent in Atlanta, GA; Monterey, CA; and Youngstown, OH. In August 1992, Dr. Jensen reported to the FBI Laboratory where he received certification as a Racketeering Records Examiner. In June 1997, Dr. Jensen reported to the Behavioral Science Unit at the FBI Academy in Quantico, VA, where he instructed, conducted research, provided consultation, and served as Assistant Unit Chief. During this period, he founded the Futures Working Group, an organization dedicated to developing ethical and effective strategies for the future of law enforcement.

Bernard H. Levin is professor of psychology at Blue Ridge Community College, where he has been since 1973. He is reserve major at the Waynesboro VA PD, where he has been sworn since 1976. Dr. Levin is a member of the Futures Working Group. Since 1998 he has served as a visiting scholar at the Behavioral Science Unit of the FBI Academy. He is a member of the Traffic Law Enforcement Committee of the U.S. Transportation Research Board, is on the board of the Public Safety Leadership Development Consortium, and is chairman of the Ethics Advisory Panel of the High Tech Crime Consortium.

About the Series

Modern Police Administration

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / Criminal Law / General
LAW / Forensic Science
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Affairs & Administration