The Future of Policing : A Practical Guide for Police Managers and Leaders book cover
1st Edition

The Future of Policing
A Practical Guide for Police Managers and Leaders

ISBN 9781439837955
Published August 8, 2011 by Routledge
432 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

As communities continue to undergo rapid demographic shifts that modify their composition, culture, and collective values, police departments serving those communities must evolve accordingly in order to remain effective. The Future of Policing: A Practical Guide for Police Managers and Leaders provides concrete instruction to agencies on how to promote successful policing by proceeding on a course informed by future trends and emerging community forces.

Explores critical variables necessary for decision-making

Designed for typical police departments with common structures, problems, and opportunities, this book offers a unique juxtaposition of real-life examples, futures research, emergent trends, and management implications. Each chapter provides a discussion of the professional literature, current and projected trends, and situations faced by agency executives and leaders. Through this multidimensional and contemporaneous approach, the book explores community and political variables crucial to the decision-making process. It describes methods that managers can employ to explore the future and prepare their agencies for possible, probable, and preferable trends and opportunities.

Provides specific, concrete examples

Drawn from the authors’ research, as well as their own instructional and practical experience in the policing profession, this volume goes beyond esoteric, theoretical analysis and instead provides practical and well-grounded strategies for those who aspire to become police managers or current managers wishing to improve their proficiency. Using futures research and methodologies as the foundation for the text, this volume prepares practitioners to meet the challenges of policing and police management in the 21st century.

Table of Contents

Setting the Stage
Challenges in Police Organizations
Leadership, Management, Supervision, and Administration
Problems with the Present Police Organizational Model
An Analysis of Failure
The Potential Benefits of Futures Studies for Policing
Five Key Themes
The Emergence of Futures Thinking Within and About
American Policing
The Organization of This Book
Futures Thinking and Research
The Acceleration of Change
What Is Futures Studies?
A Short History of Futures Research
Futures Studies as a Leadership Tool
Methods of Forecasting the Future
Future Trends
Technological Trends
Demographic Trends
Economic Trends
Social and Community Trends
Political Trends
What Does All This Mean for Policing?
The Police and the Community
The Evolving Nature of Community
Communication Technology and Community
Communication Technology and Policing
Social Networking Tools and Social Engagement
Policing Implications of Social Networking
Involving Communities in Policing
Trust, Transparency, and Leadership
Challenges and Opportunities Created by the Changing
Nature of Community
Boundaries: Disappearing, Reemerging, and Merging
Three Examples in High Relief
Why Boundaries?
Technologies and Policing
Jurisdiction, Mandates, and Threats
The Influence of Money
Federal vs. Local Responsibilities
External Oversight and Influence
The Future of Crime
Economic Drivers
Health Care
The Drug War
A Problem of Identity
Gang-Based Crime
Other Trends in Crime and Policing
Citizen Resilience
On the Beat
Future Law and Governance Considerations
What Works in Policing? Evidence-Based Operations
Predictive Policing
Police Personnel: Culture, Hiring, and Development
Cultural Forces
Employee Development
Organizational Solutions
Mission, Vision, and Values
Economic Realities in Policing
Managing through Tough Times
Employee Input
Organizational Evaluation
Policy Development and Accreditation
Progressive Approaches to Employee Discipline
Opportunities Emerging through Change
Leadership and Care
From Where Will Future Police Leaders Emerge?
On The Horizon: The Police Organization of the Future
A Brief Look Backward
Structures and Processes
Maximizing the Power of Generations
Eligibility for Employment
Creating a Preferred Culture
The Nexus between Training and Education
Purposive Career Development
Radical Change
Putting It All Together
Revisiting the Book’s Themes
Other Considerations for the Future
Wild Cards
Leveraging Culture
The Role of Community
Using the Leadership GPS to Navigate into the Future
Practical Strategies
Reconceptualizing Police Management and Leadership to
Create Better Policing
Appendix: Principles of the Wheaton Police Department

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Joseph A. Schafer is a faculty member in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Dr. Schafer’s research focuses on policing, organizational change, leadership, communities and crime, citizen perceptions of police, and futures research in policing. He was the 2006–2007 President of Police Futurists International, is a member of the PFI/FBI Futures Working Group, serves on the advisory board for the Public Safety Leadership Development Consortium, and was a visiting scholar in the Behavioral Science Unit of the FBI Academy (2006–2008).

Michael E. Buerger is an associate professor of criminal justice at Bowling Green State University. As field director for the Minneapolis office of the Crime Control Institute, he was the onsite manager for two experiments funded by the National Institute of Justice, the problem-oriented RECAP Experiment and the Hot Spots of Crime Experiment, that reexamined the conclusions of the Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment. He was research director for the Jersey City (NJ) Police Department under another NIJ program, the Locally Initiated Research initiative.

Richard W. Myers has served in policing since 1977. First appointed as a police chief in 1984, his leadership experience includes service as chief of police at two departments in his native Michigan, along with agencies in Illinois, Wisconsin, and, since 2007, as chief of the Colorado Springs, CO, police. He is a past president of the Wisconsin Chiefs of Police Association, the Society of Police Futurists International, and has served on the Board of the Colorado Association of Chiefs of Police and the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF). Myers serves as Commissioner on the Commission for Accreditation of Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA).

Carl J. Jensen III is a 1978 graduate of the US Naval Academy. Dr. Jensen graduated from FBI New Agents Training in 1984 and served as a field agent in Atlanta, GA; Monterey, CA; and Youngstown, OH. In August 1992, Dr. Jensen reported to the FBI Laboratory where he received certification as a Racketeering Records Examiner. In June 1997, Dr. Jensen reported to the Behavioral Science Unit at the FBI Academy in Quantico, VA, where he instructed, conducted research, provided consultation, and served as Assistant Unit Chief. During this period, he founded the Futures Working Group, an organization dedicated to developing ethical and effective strategies for the future of law enforcement.

Bernard H. Levin is professor of psychology at Blue Ridge Community College, where he has been since 1973. He is reserve major at the Waynesboro VA PD, where he has been sworn since 1976. Dr. Levin is a member of the Futures Working Group. Since 1998 he has served as a visiting scholar at the Behavioral Science Unit of the FBI Academy. He is a member of the Traffic Law Enforcement Committee of the U.S. Transportation Research Board, is on the board of the Public Safety Leadership Development Consortium, and is chairman of the Ethics Advisory Panel of the High Tech Crime Consortium.


"This well-crafted book, replete with anecdotes, systematically addresses issues such as technology, hiring practices, training, budgets, labor relations, evolving communities, and post 9-11 trends that challenge today’s police departments. The reader will come away with a wealth of information from sections in the book called ‘Voices from the Field.’ These are the words of law enforcement professionals who have shared their experiences, which augment the authors’ own perspectives. … Written specifically for law enforcement executives and police officers striving for advancement, this book will also encourage those dedicated to promoting the police profession through the use of foresight to continue with their futurist ideology."
—Dr. Brian L. Royster, Saint Peter’s University, in Security Management