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The Genocide Studies Reader




ISBN 9780415953955
Published March 16, 2009 by Routledge
552 Pages

 
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Book Description

This thorough overview of all aspects of the field of genocide studies brings together for the first time classic and contemporary writings from some of the most noted scholars writing on genocide in the fields of genocide studies, political science, history, and sociology. The Reader covers key aspects of a host of complex and thorny issues, such as the definition of genocide, theories of genocide, prevention and intervention, and its denial. This collection of writings is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand this most atrocious form of political violence that has plagued human history.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Definitions of Genocide  Section 1: The Origin of the Term Genocide and the Definition Used in the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide  1. Genocide: A Modern Crime Raphael Lemkin  2. Development of the Rule on Genocide Lawrence J. LeBlanc  3. Intent Morten Bergsmo  4. The United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide  Section 2: Alternative Definitions  5. The Definition of Genocide Israel Charny  6. Human Destructiveness and Politics: The Twentieth Century as an Age of Genocide Roger Smith  7. Defining Genocide as a Sociological Concept Helen Fein  8. Towards a Functional Definition Ward Churchill  Section 3: Related Terms  9. A Typology of Cleansing Andrew Bell-Fialkoff  10. Explaining Ethnic Cleansing Michael Mann  11. Recognizing Genocides and Politicides Barbara Harff  12. Crimes Against Humanity William Schabas  13. Massacres Jacques Semelin  14. The New Concept of Democide Rudolph Rummel  Part 2: Theories and Causes of Genocide  Section 4: Theories of Genocide   15. The Origins of Genocide and Mass Killing: Core Concepts Ervin Staub  16. Deadly Regimes Alex Alvarez  17. Theories of Genocide Leo Kuper  18. The Etiology of Genocides Barbara Harff  19. Scarcity and Genocide Roger W. Smith  20. The Eight Stages of Genocide Gregory Stanton  Part 3: Genocidal Crimes  Section 5: Cases of Genocide  21. A Historical Summary Frank Chalk and Kurt Jonnashon  22. The History of Genocide: An Overview Paul Bartrop and Samuel Totten  23. Genocide Against Indigenous Peoples David Maybury-Lewis   24. Holocaust: Genocide of the Jews Donald Niewyk  25. State Rape: Sexual Violence as Genocide Lisa Sharlach  26. Report of the Security General, Kofi Annan, to the United Nations Security Council: The Fall of Srebrenica.' Pursuant to General Assembly Resolution 53/35 (1998)  27. Genocide in Darfur Samuel Totten  Section 6: Comparative Studies of Various Cases of Genocide   28. The Modernity of Genocides: War, Race, and Revolution in the Twentieth Century Eric D. Weitz  29. The Armenian Genocide as Precursor and Prototype of Twentieth Century Genocide Robert F. Melson  30. Twentieth Century Genocides: Underlying Ideological Themes from Armenia to East Timor Ben Kiernan  31. Connecting Threads: Rwanda, the Holocaust, and the Pattern of Contemporary Genocide Mark Levene  Part 4: The Complexities of the Prevention and Intervention of Genocide  Section 7: The Issues of Sovereignty and Political Will  32. Realpolitik M. Cherif Bassouni  33. The Concept of Sovereignty and the Development of International Law Jackson Nyamuya Maogoto  34. The Dilemma of Political Will: How Fixed, How Malleable the Domestic Constraints? Bruce W. Jentleson  35. Intervention, Sovereignty and the Responsibility to Protect: Experiences for ICISS Ramesh Thakur  Section 8: The Prevention of Genocide  36. From Early Warning to Early Action Kumar Rupesinghe  37. The Three P's of Genocide Prevention: With Application to a Genocide Foretold -- Rwanda Helen Fein  38. The Prevention and Intervention of Genocide Samuel Totten  39. A Good Man in Hell:: General Romeo Dallaire and the Rwanda Genocide  Section 9: Intervention of Genocide  40. Policies of Militarized Humanitarian Intervention Thomas G. Weiss and Cindy Collins  41. Economic Sanctions and Genocide: Too Little, Too Late, and Sometimes Too Much George A. Lopez  42. The East Pakistan (Bangladesh) Intervention of 1971 Francis Kofi Abiew  43. Vietnam's Intervention in Cambodia (Kampuchea), 1978  Francis Kofi Abiew  44. Against the Grain: The East Timor Intervention James Cotton  45. Reflections on the Legality and Legitimacy of NATO’S Intervention in Kosovo  Part 5: Prosecution of Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide  Section 10: Setting a Precedent: The Nuremberg Trials  46. The Path to Nuremberg Howard Ball  Section 11: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia  47. The ICTY: Origin, Trials, and Tribulations Howard Ball  48. International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia Payam Akhavan and Mora Johnson   49. Radislav Krstic Becomes the First Person to Be Convicted of Genocide at the ICTY and Is Sentenced to 46 Years Imprisonment  Section 12: The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda  50. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda Peter Uvin and Charles Mironko  51. Formation of the ICTR Howard Ball  52. International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda Michelle S. Lyon and Mark A. Drumbl  53. Historic Judgement Finds Akayesu Guilty of Genocide International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda  Section 13: Trials in National Courts  54. National Trials in Rwanda Jennifer Balint  Section 14 The International Criminal Court (ICC)  55. Nuremberg's Legacy: Adoption of the Rome Statute Howard Ball  Part 6: Denial of Genocide  Section 15  56. A Classification of Denials of the Holocaust and Other Genocides Israel W. Charny 

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Editor(s)

Biography

Samuel Totten is a Professor at the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. He is a co-founding editor of Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal. He has also been a Fulbright Fellow at the Centre for Conflict Management, National University of Rwanda.

Paul R. Bartrop is an honorary fellow in the Faculty of Arts at Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, head of the department of history at Bialik College, Melbourne, and a Past President of the Australian Association of Jewish Studies.

 

Reviews

"The Genocide Studies Reader is a very useful introduction to the many acts of genocide all over the world as well as to the genocide studies field in general. Analyzing legal and sociological definitions and discussions, this book is an essential synthesis of the works produced in English on the subject." 

Dr. Daniel Feierstein, Director, Center of Genocide Studies, Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero, República Argentina

"This reader provides an excellent introduction to the field of genocide studies. Ranging far and wide, the volume includes foundational essays and covers key topics such as issues of definition, sexual violence, prevention, legal redress, intervention, and denial. It is a great resource both for classroom use and for scholars, students, and anyone interested in genocide."

Alex Hinton, Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights, Rutgers, Newark

"It is no longer the historical occurrence of genocide that preoccupies social scientists, rather its disturbing recurrence in recent times despite the international conventions drawn up to protect human rights. To address this new reality, this instructive reader on the subject of genocide goes beyond the challenges of definition, theory, and history, and looks at the promise of intervention, prosecution, and prevention. All aspects of the problem of genocide are explored with particular attention to the issue of sovereignty and adjudication in the face of the hurdles of the claims of immunity and denials of responsibility. This collection of authoritative voices addressing this most serious crime against humanity brings new focus to the conflict between national and international interests and between standards of legality and the claims of state authority, and underscores no less the importance of studying the problem as much as developing the instruments to restrain mass violence."

Dr. Rouben Adalian, Director, Armenian National Institute

"This is a truly excellent collection of readings and an important addition to the field of genocide studies. I very much look forward to using it with my students and thus giving them an additional opportunity to expand their knowledge of the field. Professors Totten and Bartrop are to be commended for putting together such an insightful and valuable collection of readings. Well done!"

Steven Jacobs, The University of Alabama