Unemployment was perhaps the major problem confronting European society at the time in which this book was first published in 1987, and is arguably still the case today. This collection of essays by British and German historians contributes to the debate by taking a close look at unemployment in the Weimar Republic. What groups were most severely affected, and why? How did they react? How effective were welfare and job creation schemes? Did unemployment fuel social instability and political extremism? How far was unemployment a cause of the collapse of the Weimar Republic and the triumph of the Third Reich? Did the Nazis solve the unemployment problem by peaceful Keynsianism or through massive rearmament?
This book is ideal for students of history, sociology, and economics.
Table of Contents
List of Figures; List of Tables; List of Abbreviations; Preface; 1. Introduction: The Experience of Unemployment in the Weimar Republic Richard J. Evans 2. Unemployment and Demobilisation in Germany After the First World War Richard Bessel 3. From Welfare Provision to Social Insurance: The Unemployed in Augsburg 1918-27 Merith Niehuss 4. From Unemployment Insurance to Compulsory Labour: The Transformation of the Benefit System in Germany 1927-33 Heidrun Homburg 5. Frankfurt’s Working Women: Scapegoats or Winners of the Great Depression? Helgard Kramer 6. Youth Unemployment and the State: Public Policies towards Unemployed Youth in Hamburg during the World Economic Crisis Elizabeth Harvey 7. The Lost Generation: Youth Unemployment at the End of the Weimar Republic Detlev Peukert 8. The Unemployed in the Neighbourhood: Social Dislocation and Political Mobilisation in Germany 1929-33 Eve Rosenhaft 9. Mobilising the Unemployed: The KPD and the Unemployed Workers’ Movement in Hamburg-Altona during the Weimar Republic Anthony McElligott 10. Unemployment and Working-class Solidarity: The German Experience 1929-33 Dick Geary 11. The Third Reich and the Unemployed: National Socialist Work-creation Schemes in Hamburg 1933-4 Birgit Wulff; Notes on Contributors; Index