1st Edition

The Government of Chronic Poverty From the politics of exclusion to the politics of citizenship?

Edited By Sam Hickey Copyright 2011
    200 Pages
    by Routledge

    408 Pages
    by Routledge

    What are the underlying causes of chronic poverty? Can ‘development beyond neoliberalism’ offer the strategies required to challenge such persistent forms of poverty, particularly through efforts to promote citizenship amongst poor people? Drawing on case-study evidence from Africa, Latin America and South Asia, the contributions critically examine different attempts to ‘govern’ chronic poverty via the promotion of particular forms and notions of citizenship, with a specific focus on the role of community-based approaches, social policy and social movements. Poverty is seen here as deriving from underlying patterns of uneven development, involving processes of capitalism and state formation that foster inequality-generating mechanisms and particularly disadvantaged social categories. Sceptics tend to deride the emphasis under current ‘inclusive’ forms of Liberalism on tackling poverty through the promotion of citizenship as inevitably depoliticising and disempowering for poor people, and our cases do suggest that citizenship-based strategies rarely alter the underlying basis of poverty.

    However, our evidence also offers some support to those optimists who suggest that progressive moves towards poverty reduction and citizenship formation have become more rather than less likely at the current juncture. The promotion of citizenship emerges here as a significant but incomplete effort to challenge poverty that persists over time.

    This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Development Studies.

    1. The government of chronic poverty under inclusive liberalism: from the politics of exclusion to the politics of citizenship?  Sam Hickey (Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester)

    2. A Relational Approach to Durable Poverty, Inequality and Power  David Mosse (School of Oriental and African Sthudies, University of London)

    3. Grounding 'Responsibilisation Talk': Masculinities, Citizenship and HIV in Cape Town, South Africa  Christopher Colvin (University of Cape Town) and Steven Robins (Social Anthropology, University of Stellenbosch)

    4. Rectifying the Anti-Politics of Citizen Participation: Insights from the Internal Politics of a Subaltern Community in Nepal  Katsuhiko Masaki (Seisen University, Tokyo)

    5. Governing chronic poverty under inclusive liberalism: The case of the Northern Uganda Social Action Fund  Frederick Golooba-Mutebi (Makerere Institute for Social Research, Makerere University) and Sam Hickey (IDPM, University of Manchester)

    6. Making Development Agents. Participation as Boundary Object in International Development  Maia Green (Social Anthropology, University of Manchester)

    7. School exclusion as social exclusion: the practices and effects of a conditional cash transfer programme for the poor in Bangladesh  Naomi Hossain (Institute of Development Studies, Sussex)

    8. ‘We Have Always Lived Here': Indigenous Movements, Citizenship, and Poverty in Argentina  Matthias vom Hau (Brookes World Poverty Institute, Manchester) and Guillermo Wilde (Universidad de San Martin, Buenos Aires)

    9. Decentring poverty, reworking government: Social movements and states in the government of poverty  Anthony Bebbington, Diana Mitlin (both Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester), Jan Mogaladi (University of the Western Cape) and Martin Scurrah (Peruvian Centre for Social Studies-CEPES)


    Sam Hickey is Senior Lecturer and Associate Director of the Brookes World Poverty Institute at the Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester. His research interests include the politics of poverty reduction and social protection, alternative forms of poverty analysis, rights-based development and citizenship, NGOs and civil society, and the use of political analysis in development. Much of this work, including this collection, has been completed as a research fellow within the Chronic Poverty Research Centre (2001-2010).