The Handbook of Lighting Surveys and Audits: 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

The Handbook of Lighting Surveys and Audits

1st Edition

By John L. Fetters

CRC Press

170 pages

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eBook (VitalSource) : 9780203736647
pub: 2018-05-04
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Complete with checklists and forms, this step-by-step guide tells everything the facilities management professional needs to know about conducting lighting surveys and audits in a commercial or industrial facility. Lighting audits are required when companies undertake lighting retrofits and related projects in order to improve their lighting systems. The best way to ensure maximum performance of the new systems, maximize return on investment, and prove energy savings (in order to qualify for financial assistance or meet government targets) is to start with a comprehensive lighting audit. Public and private incentives along with recent energy saving advances in lighting technology have motivated companies to turn to energy saving solutions. Written by one of the nation's leading authorities on lighting and the education of lighting professionals, this practical handbook provides the auditor with the solid, useful information needed to accomplish accurate surveys and audits.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Lighting Surveys and Audits


Lighting Efficiency Programs

Energy Policy Act of 1992

Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)

The Changing Role of Utilities

Opportunities for Survey Work

Lighting Upgrade Approaches

Two Views of Lighting Systems

The Lighting Survey Defined

The Lighting Audit Defined

Purposes of Surveys and Audits

Types of Surveys and Audits


The Lighting Evaluation Process

Evaluating Lighting Systems

Auditor Evaluation Skills

Selection and Training of Auditors


Tools and Measuring Instruments

Personal Safety Equipment

Access Equipment

Data Recording Instruments

Measuring Instruments and Their Use

Verifying Veiling Reflections

Carrying Tools and Instruments

Lighting Evaluation System (LES)


Collecting Building Information: Tips and Techniques

Scope of Data Collection

Before the ON-Site Audit

Steps to a Successful On-Site Audit


Commercial Software for Surveys and Analysis

Computer Spreadsheets

SYLVIA for Windows



AUDIT 2000

Green Lights Programs



Sample Audit Reports

Sample Walk-Thru Survey Report

Intermediate Audit Reports

Lighting Fact sheets

Fact Sheet 1: Lighting Basics

Fact Sheet 2: Lamp and Bulb Identification

Fact Sheet 3: Lamp Color

Fact Sheet 4: Ballasts

Fact Sheet 5: Luminaires

Fact Sheet 6: Luminaire Identification

Fact Sheet 7: Lighting Systems

Fact Sheet 8: Interior Lighting Layouts and Ceiling Plan Guides

Fact Sheet 9: Improving Lighting System Performance

Fact Sheet 10: The Effects of Overvoltage and Undervoltage on Lighting Systems

Fact Sheet 11: The Effect of Ambient Temperature on Lighting Systems

Fact Sheet 12: Effects of Switching on Lamp Life

Fact Sheet 13: Calculations

Fact Sheet 14: Lighting Maintenance

Fact Sheet 15: Lamp and Ballast Disposal

Lighting Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs)


Cost versus Persistence

Inexpensive, Low-Persistence ECMs

Medium-Cost, More Permanent ECMs

Lighting Maintenance Consideration - No Energy Payback

Checklist Forms

Walk-Thru Survey Forms

Lighting Audit Forms

Fixture Schedule Forms

List of Abbreviations



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering