The IACUC Handbook: 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

The IACUC Handbook

3rd Edition

Edited by Jerald Silverman, Mark A. Suckow, Sreekant Murthy

CRC Press

827 pages

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Hardback: 9781466555648
pub: 2014-05-20
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Description

Ever since its establishment by USDA regulation in the mid-1980s, the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) has evolved as the premier instrument of animal welfare oversight within research institutions in the United States. As biomedical research continuously grows, the role and impact of the IACUC has increased in scope and complexity. The IACUC Handbook has become "the Bible" for individuals when the time comes for them to serve on their institution’s IACUC. It provides a foundation for understanding and implementing the many and varied responsibilities of this committee.

This Third Edition comprehensively addresses the significant changes in the pertinent regulatory environment and interpretation of applicable federal laws, regulations, and policies. It provides multiple references and commentary on the new edition of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, the new AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals: 2013 Edition, and theOffice of Laboratory Animal Welfare’s Frequently Asked Questions. The Third Edition also features an updated survey of IACUC practices from institutions around the United States, offering wisdom gained from their experience. In addition, it includes a chapter that provides an international perspective on how animal welfare reviews can function in other countries.

Reviews

"The IACUC Handbook is the best all-in-one source for information relevant to the operation of an IACUC. I like that it implicitly recognizes that all institutions do things differently; hence the surveys following many of the discussions. These are essential benchmarks for us, relieving us of hours of research. I estimate that the number of questions that this book doesn’t address for us is probably well below 5 percent. The current editors have done an astounding job putting together the third edition. It’s come a long way since the first edition (which itself was incredibly useful). I wouldn’t change anything."

- Michael C. Kessler, Director of Regulatory Affairs, Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), University of Pittsburgh

"Similar to the earlier two editions, the 3rd edition of The IACUC Handbook continues the excellent tradition of providing guidance for IACUCs and administrators of animal care and use programs. The editors have done a great job of putting together a group of industry experts to provide advice on how to handle several key features of the laws and regulations that are currently in place. The key feature to me as a reader is the Q&A format of the book that makes it very user friendly, even for readers that are not subject matter experts in the regulations. Overall, in my opinion the new edition…is a very valuable and timely resource for all institutions that have an animal care program and the authors should be commended for taking on this huge task to provide guidance to the industry."

—Jeetendra Eswaraka, DVM, PhD, Amgen, Thousand Oaks, California, in Laboratory Animal Practitioner

"While the first and second editions examine rules, regulations, and guidelines relevant to the United States, this edition also includes a new chapter examining the regulation of animal research in Europe and the European Union. Considering the globalization of today’s world and increasing international collaborations, this chapter is an important addition…. The volume would be useful on the shelf of anyone involved with an animal use program…. Members of the laboratory animal science community must continually respond to changes in order to maintain a high-quality program of animal care. This reference will make that task a little easier."

—Nancy Johnston, DVM, DACLAM, Assistant Director, Laboratory Animal Resource Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, in Laboratory Animal Science Professional

"This handbook provides a comprehensive collection of best practices; all of which are compliant with the federal guidelines and requirements. The sections labeled "regulatory" have been reviewed by staff at NIH Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) and USDA APHIS/Animal Care (AC) for consistency and compliance with the PHS Policy and the USDA Animal Welfare Act Regulations (AWAR). The best practices presented were developed by conscientious IACUCs and research teams from academia, industry, the private and public sectors, and institutions of various sizes. Answers to a series of operational, policy, and management questions are first addressed from the perspective of the applicable regulatory language, followed by opinions from knowledgeable and experienced professionals in the field, and in some cases ultimately followed by responses to informal surveys on selected institutional policies and practices. Every effort has been made to apply correct interpretations within the context of the specific issues being discussed. … For the experienced reader and novice alike, this book provides a wealth of useful information and insight into the collective experience and wisdom of the numerous expert editors and authors. Both NIH/OLAW and APHIS/AC commend the authors and editors for their outstanding efforts and for moving the biomedical research community forward in its formulation of best practices and commonly accepted professional guidance in this complex arena."

—From the Introduction by

Dr. Patricia A. Brown, Director of the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare

Dr. Chester A. Gipson, Deputy Administrator USDA/APHIS/Animal Care

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Third Edition

Patricia A. Brown and Chester A. Gipson

Origins of the IACUC

Harry Rozmiarek

Circumstances Requiring an IACUC

Marcy Brown and Mary Jo Shepherd

Creation of an IACUC

Marcy Brown and Mary Jo Shepherd

Reporting Lines of the IACUC

Marcy Brown and Mary Jo Shepherd

General Composition of the IACUC and Specific Roles of the IACUC Members

Christian E. Newcomer and William G. Greer

Frequency and Conduct of Regular IACUC Meetings

Sreekant Murthy

General Format of IACUC Protocol Forms

Christian E. Newcomer and William G. Greer

Submission and Maintenance of IACUC Protocols

Kathy Laber and Alison C. Smith

General Concepts of Protocol Review

Ernest D. Prentice, Gwenn S. F. Oki, and Michael D. Mann

Amending IACUC Protocols

Angela M. Mexas and Diane J. Gaertner

Continuing Review of Protocols

Gwenn S.F. Oki and Ernest D. Prentice

Justification for the Use of Animals

Larry Carbone

Justification of the Number of Animals to Be Used

Ed J. Gracely

Animal Acquisition and Disposition

Michael J. Huerkamp, Larry Iten, and David R. Archer

Animal Housing, Use Sites, and Transportation

Robert M. Bigsby and Robin Crisler-Roberts

Pain and Distress

Alicia Z. Karas and Jerald Silverman

Euthanasia

Peggy J. Danneman

Surgery

Lester L. Rolf, Jr.

Antigens, Antibodies, and Blood Collection

Harold F. Stills, Jr.

Occupational Health and Safety

Robin Lyn Trundy and Susan Stein Cook

Personnel Training

Howard G. Rush and Melissa C. Dyson

Confidential and Proprietary Information

Marilyn J. Chimes and Priya Sankar

General Concepts of the Program Review and Facility Inspection

Joseph D. Thulin and Kenneth P. Allen

Inspection of Animal Housing Areas

Christine A. Boehm and Debra L. Hickman

Inspection of Individual Laboratories

Neil S. Lipman and Scott E. Perkins

Inspection of Surgery Areas

Scott E. Perkins and Neil S. Lipman

Assessment of Veterinary Care

Mark A. Suckow and Bernard J. Doerning

Laboratory Animal Enrichment

Kathryn Bayne and Jennifer N. Camacho

Animal Mistreatment and Protocol Noncompliance

Jerald Silverman

Postapproval Monitoring

Ron E. Banks

The European Ethical Review Framework: Collaborative Issues

Javier Guillén

About the Editors

Jerald Silverman, DVM, is director of the Department of Animal Medicine and professor of pathology at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. He is also an adjunct professor at the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University. He received his degrees in vertebrate zoology and veterinary medicine from Cornell University and has a master’s degree in nonprofit organization management from the New School for Social Research. Dr. Silverman is a Diplomate of the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine and past president of the American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners.

Mark Suckow, DVM, is assistant vice president for research at the University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana. He received his DVM from the University of Wisconsin in 1987, and completed a post-doctoral residency program in laboratory animal medicine at the University of Michigan in 1990. He is a Diplomate of the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine. Dr. Suckow is active in professional organizations and has served as president of both the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS) and the American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners (ASLAP). He currently serves as a member of the AAALAC Council on Accreditation.

Sreekant Murthy, PhD, is professor of medicine, adjunct professor of biomedical engineering, and senior associate vice provost for research compliance (retired) at Drexel University. He recently joined Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey, as their chief research compliance officer. He earned his doctoral degree from Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, currently known as University of Sciences, Philadelphia. As a faculty member he simultaneously chaired two IACUCs in the same institution for five years. As the senior associate vice provost, he managed research compliance in human subject research, animal welfare, institutional biosafety committee, radiation safety, and research integrity. He has been the institutional official for the IACUC since 2006. At Rowan University, he continues to be responsible for all aspects of research compliance, research integrity, and export control.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED089000
MEDICAL / Veterinary Medicine / General
MED096000
MEDICAL / Toxicology
MED106000
MEDICAL / Research
SCI086000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General