The Intellectual Origins of Modernity: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Intellectual Origins of Modernity

1st Edition

By David Ohana


240 pages

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Hardback: 9780815363125
pub: 2019-04-01
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The Intellectual Origins of Modernity explores the long and winding road of modernity from Rousseau to Foucault and its roots, which are not to be found in a desire for enlightenment or in the idea of progress but in the Promethean passion of Western humankind. Modernity is the Promethean passion, the passion of humans to be their own master, to use their insight to make a world different from the one that they found, and to liberate themselves from their immemorial chains. This passion created the political ideologies of the nineteenth century and made its imprint on the totalitarian regimes that arose in their wake in the twentieth.

Underlying the Promethean passion there was modernity—humankind's project of self-creation—and enlightenment, the existence of a constant tension between the actual and the desirable, between reality and the ideal. Beneath the weariness, the exhaustion and the skepticism of post-modernist criticism is a refusal to take Promethean horizons into account. This book attests the importance of reason, which remains a powerful critical weapon of humankind against the idols that have come out of modernity: totalitarianism, fundamentalism, the golem of technology, genetic engineering and a boundless will to power. Without it, the new Prometheus is liable to return the fire to the gods.

Table of Contents


1 From Rousseau to Tocqueville: Janus Face of Modernity

2 1848: “We Are Sitting on a Volcano”

3 From Marx to Lenin: A Red Future

4 Anarchism, Nihilism, Racism

5 Foucault and Beyond


About the Author

David Ohana is Professor of Modern European History at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel. He has been affiliated with the Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel, the Paris-Sorbonne, Harvard University, and the University of California at Berkeley. He specializes in comparative national mythologies.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Social and Political Thought

This series explores core issues in political philosophy and social theory. Addressing theoretical subjects of both historical and contemporary relevance, the series has broad appeal across the social sciences. Contributions include new studies of major thinkers, key debates and critical concepts.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHILOSOPHY / Political
POLITICAL SCIENCE / History & Theory