The International Criminal Court and Nigeria: Implementing the Complementarity Principle of the Rome Statute, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The International Criminal Court and Nigeria

Implementing the Complementarity Principle of the Rome Statute, 1st Edition

By Muyiwa Adigun


248 pages

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Hardback: 9781138298682
pub: 2017-12-15
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If Nigeria fails to prosecute the crimes recognised under the Rome Statute, then the International Criminal Court (ICC) will intervene. The ICC is only expected to complement the criminal justice system in Nigeria and is not a court of first instance, but one of last resort. This is what is known as the principle of complementarity. Before the ICC can step in, it must make a finding of ‘unwillingness’ or ‘inability’ on the part of Nigeria. It is only after this finding is made that the ICC can take over the prosecution of the crimes recognised under the Statute from Nigeria. This book examines the criminal justice process in Nigeria and discovers that the justice system is latent with the requirements of ‘unwillingness’ and ‘inability.’ The requirements, which serve as tests for assessment, are as they are laid down by the Rome Statute and interpreted by the ICC. This book offers recommendations as to what Nigeria must do in order to avoid the ICC intervention by reversing those parameters that give rise to ‘unwillingness’ and ‘inability.’

The International Criminal Court and Nigeria: Implementing the Complementarity Principle of the Rome Statute offers a contribution to the advancement of international law and will be of practical use to African countries. It aims to sensitise policy makers in different African countries in respect of policy options open to them to close impunity gap in their respective countries. This volume addresses the topics with regard to international criminal law and comparative public law and will be of interest to researchers, academics, organizations, and students in the fields of international law, governance, and comparative criminal justice.

Table of Contents





Table of contents

List of acronyms and abbreviations

Table of cases

Table of statutes

Table of treaties


Chapter One: Introduction

Chapter Two: The Nigerian Legal System and The Implementation Of The Rome Statute Complementarity Principle

Chapter Three: Complementarity Under the Rome Statute Of The International Criminal Court

Chapter Four: Inaction: Adoption of Implementing Legislation As An Aspect Of Complementarity

Chapter Five: Unwillingness: Shielding from Criminal Responsibility I

Chapter Six: Unwillingness: Shielding from Criminal Responsibility Ii

Chapter Seven: Unwillingness: Independence and Impartiality Of The Prosecuting Authority And The Judiciary

Chapter Eight: Inability: The Need for Witness Protection, Extradition Arrangement And Delegation Of Criminal Jurisdiction To Other States

Chapter Nine: Conclusion and Recommendations



About the Author

Muyiwa Adigun is a lecturer in the Faculty of Law, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria, West Africa.

About the Series

Routledge Research in International Law

The series offers a space for new and emerging scholars of international law to publish original arguments, as well as presenting alternative perspectives from more established names in international legal research.  Works cover both the theory and practice of international law, presenting innovative analyses of the nature and state of international law itself as well as more specific studies within particular disciplines. The series will explore topics such as the changes to the international legal order, the processes of law-making and law-enforcement, as well as the range of actors in public international law. The books will take a variety of different methodological approaches to the subject including interdisciplinary, critical legal studies, feminist, and Third World approaches, as well as the sociology of international law. Looking at the past, present and future of international law the series reflects the current vitality and diversity of international legal scholarship.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / Comparative
LAW / Courts
LAW / Criminal Law / General
LAW / Criminal Procedure
LAW / International
LAW / Government / General