The Law Officer’s Pocket Manual is a handy, pocket-sized, spiral-bound manual that highlights basic legal rules for quick reference and offers examples showing how those rules are applied. The manual provides concise guidance based on U.S. Supreme Court rulings on constitutional law issues and other legal developments, covering arrest, search, surveillance, and other routine as well as sensitive areas of law enforcement. It includes more than 100 examples drawn from leading cases to provide guidance on how to act in a wide variety of situations.
The 2021 edition is completely updated to reflect recent court decisions. This book helps you keep track of everything in a readable and easy-to-carry format. Some important case rulings from the past 12 months include:
- The U.S. Supreme Court made clear that it is common sense for an officer pulling over a vehicle to assume, without additional evidence, that the driver is the registered owner.
- The U.S. Supreme Court appeared to signal the end to so-called Bivens suits filed against federal officers for constitutional violations.
- The First Circuit extended the community caretaking doctrine to the home in finding officers’ warrantless entry justified.
- In the continuing evolution of the stop-and-frisk doctrine, the Second Circuit ruled that officers need more than a belief that a suspect possess something illicit—they must reasonably believe the suspect may pose a threat.
- The Tenth Circuit ruled that an officer’s 15-minute phone call to a national database was reasonable and did not impermissibly extend a traffic stop.
- The Seventh Circuit said that the smell of marijuana combined with a driver’s "shocked" body language justified a trunk search.
- The Fourth Circuit tossed a man’s gun convictions after the officers arrested the man at his girlfriend’s residence without probable cause that he lived there.
Routledge offers tiered discounts on bulk orders of 5 or more copies. For more information, please visit: https://www.routledge.com/collections/16268
Table of Contents
I. PURPOSE AND USE OF THIS MANUAL
II. THE POLICE-CITIZEN ENCOUNTER
A.Police Activities That Require No Evidence of Wrongdoing
A.When an Arrest Takes Place
B.What You Need to Arrest—Probable Cause
D.Use of Force to Make an Arrest
E.When You Should Get an Arrest Warrant
F.When You Don’t Need an Arrest Warrant
G.Constitutional Requirements of an Arrest Warrant
H.Requirements for Execution of an Arrest Warrant
V. SEARCH INCIDENT TO ARREST
B.Time and Place
D.“Sweep” of Premises Where Arrest Has Been Made
E.More Intrusive Searches
F.Obtaining Physical Evidence from the Body of a Suspect Under Arrest
G.Obtaining Physical Evidence from the Body of a Suspect Not Under Arrest
A.When Warnings Should Be Given
B.When Warnings Are Not Necessary
D.When to Repeat the Warnings
F.The Suspect’s Answer
I.Exceptions to Miranda’s Exclusionary Rule
J.Dealing with a Formally Charged Suspect
VII. SEARCH AND SEIZURE
A.Search Without a Warrant
B.“Searches” That Aren’t Really Searches
C.Search with Warrant
E.Inventories of Arrestees
F.Administrative Search Warrants
G.Computers and Other Electronic Devices
H.The Exclusionary Rule
VIII. SURVEILLANCE AND PRESERVATION OF EVIDENCE
Part I. Surveillance
A.Police Surveillance Without Electronic Devices
B.Electronic Surveillance of Communications
C.Electronic Devices That Do Not Intercept Communications
Part II. Preservation of Evidence
X. DISABLED PERSONS
A.Assessing the Condition of Persons Who Are Not Fully Conscious or Able to Communicate
B.Arresting Persons with Disabilities
C.Communicating with Disabled Persons
XI. CASE REFERENCES
John G. Miles Jr. was legal editor, consultant, and guest lecturer in police training programs sponsored by the U.S. Park Police and other law enforcement agencies. He was a graduate of the Catholic University School of Law and received a degree in political science from the University of California at Berkeley. He belonged to the D.C. Bar and the American Bar Association.
David B. Richardson was managing editor of the U.S. Law Week, and an instructor in police training programs at American University. He is a graduate of Dartmouth College and the Columbia University School of Law, and was admitted to the bar in the District of Columbia and the state of Minnesota.