The Longman Standard History of Philosophy, VOL 1 & 2: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Longman Standard History of Philosophy, VOL 1 & 2

1st Edition

By Daniel Kolak, Garrett Thomson

Routledge

672 pages

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Paperback: 9780321235114
pub: 2005-07-11
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Description

Featuring selections from philosophers from the earliest times to the present, this anthology provides significant learning support and historical context for the readings, along with a wide variety of pedagogical assists. Biographical Headnotes, Reading Introductions, Study Questions, and special Prologues and Philosophical overviews help students

Table of Contents

Preface, General Introduction, PART A: ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS, General Introduction, I: EARLY ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHERS, Prologue, The Milesians, Prologue, THALES, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Fragments, Study Questions, ANAXIMANDER, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Fragments, Study Questions, THE IONIANS, Prologue, PYTHAGORAS, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Fragments, Study Questions, HERACLITUS, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Fragments, Study Questions, The Eleatics, Prologue, PARMENIDES, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Fragments, ZENO, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Fragments, THE ATOMISTS, Prologue, DEMOCRITUS, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Fragments, THE SOPHISTS, Prologue, PROTAGORAS, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Fragments, Philosophical Bridges: The Early Ancient Influence Bibliography, II: PLATO, PROLOGUE, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Euthyphro: Abridged, Study Questions, Apology: Abridged, Study Questions, Crito: Complete, Study Questions, Meno: Selections, Study Questions, Phaedo: Selections, Study Questions, Republic: Books II-V II, Abridged, Study Questions, Parmenides: Selections, Study Questions, Timaeus: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Platonic Influence, Bibliography, III: ARISTOTLE, PROLOGUE, ARISTOTLE, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Categories: Selections, Study Questions, On Interpretation: Selections, Study Questions, Posterior Analytic: Selections, Study Questions, Physics: Book II Selections, Study Questions, Metaphysics: Selections from Books I, V, V III, and XII, Study Questions, On the Soul: Selections from Books II and III, Study Questions, Nicomachean Ethics: Selections from Books I, II, V I, V II, and X, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Aristotelian Influence, Bibliography, IV: HELLENISTIC AND ROMAN PHILOSOPHERS, Prologue, Epicureanism, Prologue, Epicurus, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Letter to Menoeceus: Selection, Study Questions, Principal Doctrines: Selection, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Epicurus, Lucretius, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, On the Nature of Things: Book III, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Lucretius, Stoicism, Prologue, Epictetus, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Encheiridion (The Manual): Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Epictetus, Skepticism, Prologue, Sextus Empiricus, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Outlines of Pyrrhonism: Selections from Chapter I, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Sextus Em piricus, Bibliography, PARTB: MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHERS, General Introduction, I: EARLY MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHERS, Prologue, Plotinus, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Enneads, First Ennead: Sixth Tractate: Beauty, Fourth Ennead: Ninth Tractate: Are All Souls One?, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Plotinus, Bibliography, II: CHRISTIANPHILOSOPHERS, Prologue, Augustine, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Confessions: Selections, Study Questions, Against the Manichaeans: Selections, Study Questions, Enchiridion: Chapters 12-17 , and 32, Study Questions, Self-Knowledge and the Threefold Nature of Mind, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Augustine, Anselm, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, The Ontological Argument, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Anselm, Thomas Aquinas, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Summa Contra Gentiles: Selections, Study Questions, Summa Theologica: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Aquinas, Bibliography, III: ISLAMIC AND JEWISH PHILOSOPHERS, Prologue, Avicenna (Ibn Sina), Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Essay on the Secret of Destiny, Study Questions, Concerning the Soul, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Avicenna, Averroes (Muhammad Ibn-Rushd), Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Commentary on “On the Soul”: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Averroes, Maimonides (Moses ben Maimon), Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Guide for the Perplexed: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Maimonides, Bibliography, IV: LATE MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHERS, Prologue, William of Ockham, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Summa Logicae: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Ockham's Influence, Bibliography, PART C: MODERN PHILOSOPHERS, General Introduction, I: THE RATIONALISTS, Prologue, Rene Descartes, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Meditations on the First Philosophy In which the Existence of God and the Distinction between Mind and Body are Demonstrated, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Cartesian Influence, Baruch de Spinoza, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, The Ethics: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Spinoza's Influence, Gottfried Leibniz, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Discourse on Metaphysics, Study Questions, Monadology, Study Questions, Letters to Clarke: Third and Fourth Letters, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Leibniz's Influence, Bibliography, II: THE EMPIRICISTS, Prologue, Francis Bacon, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Novum Organum: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Bacon's Influence, Thomas Hobbes, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, The Leviathan: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Hobbes' Influence, John Locke, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Study Questions, A Treatise Concerning the True Original Extent and End o Civil Government: Second Treatise, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Locke's Influence, George Berkeley, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous, in Opposition to Skeptics and Atheists, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Berkeley's Influence, David Hume, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, Study Questions, A Treatise on Human Nature, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Hume's Influence, Bibliography, III: THE ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHERS, Prologue, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, The Social Contract, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Rousseau's Influence, Immanuel Kant, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Prolegomena, Study Questions, Critique of Pure Reason, Study Questions, Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Kant's Influence, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of the Modern Philosophers, Bibliography, PART D: THE NINETEENTH-CENTURY PHILOSOPHERS, General Introduction, I: THE GERMAN IDEALISTS, Prologue, G. W. F. Hegel, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Philosophy of Mind: Part Three of the Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Hegel's Influence, Arthur Schopenhauer, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, The World as Will and Idea: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Schopenhauer's Influence, Bibliography, II. THE EXISTENTIALISTS, Prologue, S0ren Kierkegaard, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Either/O r: Selections, Study Questions, Concluding Unscientific Postscript: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Kierkegaard's Influence, Friedrich Nietzsche, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Beyond Good and Evil: Selections, Study Questions, The Will to Power: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Nietzsche's Influence, Bibliography, III: THE LOGICIANS, Prologue, Gottlob Frege, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, On Sense and Reference, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Frege's Influence, Bibliography, IV: THE UTILITARIANS AND MARXISTS, Prologue, John Stuart Mill, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Utilitarianism: Selections, Study Questions, On Liberty: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Mill's Influence, Karl Marx, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Communist Manifesto: Selections, Study Questions, Alienation, Study Questions, The Power of Money, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Marx's Influence, Bibliography, V: THE AMERICAN PRAGMATISTS, Prologue, Charles Peirce, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, The Fixation of Belief, Study Questions, How to Make Our Ideas Clear, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Peirce's Influence, William James, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, The Will to Believe, Study Questions, Pragmatism, Study Questions, Does “Consciousness” Exist?, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: James' Influence, John Dewey, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Democracy and Education: Selections, Study Questions, The Quest for Certainty: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Dewey's Influence, Bibliography, PART E: THE TWENTIETH-CENTURY PHILOSOPHERS, General Introduction, I: THE LOGICAL ATOMISTS, Prologue, Bertrand Russell, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Descriptions: Chapter XV I, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Russell's Influence, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Bibliography, II: THE LOGICAL POSITIVISTS, Prologue, Rudolf Carnap, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, The Scientific Conception of the World: The Vienna Circle: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Carnap's Influence, A. J. Ayer, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Language, Truth and Logic, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Ayer's Influence, Bibliography, III: ORDINARY LANGUAGE PHILOSOPHY, Prologue, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Biographical History, Part II, Philosophical Overview, Philosophical Investigations: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of the Later Wittgenstein, Bibliography, IV: THE ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHERS, Prologue, W. V. O. Quine, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Two Dogmas of Empiricism, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Quine's Influence, Thomas Kuhn, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Kuhn's Influence, John Rawls, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Theory of Justice: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Rawls' Influence, Bridges, V: THE PHENOMENOLOGISTS AND EXISTENTIALISTS, Prologue, Edmund Husserl, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Husserl's Influence, Martin Heidegger, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Being and Time: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Heidegger's Influence, Jean-Paul Sartre, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Existentialism and Humanism: Selections, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, The Second Sex: Conclusion, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: de Beauvoir's Influence, Bibliography, VI: HABERMAS AND THE POSTMODERNISTS, Prologue, Jurgen Habermas, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Habermas's Influence, Michael Foucault, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Truth and Power: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Foucault's Influence, Jacques Derrida, Biographical History, Philosophical Overview, Positions: Selections, Study Questions, Philosophical Bridges: Derrida's Influence, Bibliography, Sources

About the Authors

Daniel Kolak, William Paterson University of New Jersey, Garrett Thomson, College of Wooster

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHI000000
PHILOSOPHY / General