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The Longman Standard History of Philosophy, VOL 1 & 2



ISBN 9780321235114
Published July 11, 2005 by Routledge
672 Pages

 
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Book Description

Featuring selections from philosophers from the earliest times to the present, this anthology provides significant learning support and historical context for the readings, along with a wide variety of pedagogical assists. Biographical Headnotes, Reading Introductions, Study Questions, and special Prologues and Philosophical overviews help students

Table of Contents

Preface -- General Introduction I -- PART A: ANCIENT PHILOSOPHERS -- General Introduction -- I: EARLY ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHERS -- Prologue -- The Milesians -- Prologue -- Thales -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Fragments -- Study Questions -- Anaximander -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Fragments -- Study Questions -- The Ionians -- Prologue -- Pythagoras -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Fragments -- Study Questions -- Heraclitus -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Fragments -- Study Questions -- The Eleatics -- Prologue -- Parmenides -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Fragments -- Study Questions -- Zeno -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Fragments -- Study Questions -- The Atomists -- Prologue -- Democritus -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Fragments -- Study Questions -- The Sophists -- Prologue -- Protagoras -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Fragments -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Early Ancient Influence -- Bibliography -- II: PLATO -- Prologue -- Plato -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Euthyphro; Abridged -- Study Questions -- Apology: Abridged -- Study Questions -- Crito: Complete -- Study Questions -- Meno: Selections -- Study Questions -- Phaedo: Selections -- Study Questions -- Republic: Books II—VII, Abridged -- Study Questions -- Parmenides: Selections -- Study Questions -- Timaeus: Selections -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Platonic Influence Bibliography -- III: ARISTOTLE -- Prologue -- Aristotle -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Categories: Selections -- Study Questions -- On Interpretation: Selections -- Study Questions -- Posterior Analytic: Selections -- Study Questions -- Physics: Book II Selections -- Study Questions -- Metaphysics: Selections from Books I, V, VIII, and XII -- Study Questions -- On the Soul: Selections from Books II and III -- Study Questions -- Nicomachean Ethics: Selections from Books I, II, VI, VII, and X -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Aristotelian Influence -- Bibliography -- 106 -- IV: HELLENISTIC AND ROMAN PHILOSOPHERS -- O Prologue -- Epicureanism -- Prologue -- Epicurus -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Letter to Menoeceus: Selection -- Study Questions -- Principal Doctrines: Selection -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Epicurus -- Lucretius -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- On the Nature of Things: Book III -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Lucretius -- Stoicism -- Prologue -- Epictetus -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Encheiridion (The Manual): Selections -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Epictetus -- Skepticism -- Prologue -- Sextus Empiricus -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Outlines of Pyrrhonism: Selections from Chapter 1 -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Sextus Empiricus -- Bibliography -- PART B: MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHERS -- General Introduction -- I: EARLY MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHERS -- Prologue -- Plotinus -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Enneads -- First Ennead: Sixth Tractate: Beauty -- Fourth Ennead: Ninth Tractate: Are All Souls One? -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Plotinus -- Bibliography -- II: CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHERS -- Prologue -- Augustine -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Confessions: Selections -- Study Questions -- Against the Manichaeans: Selections -- Study Questions -- Enchiridion: Chapters-17, and -- Study Questions -- Self-Knowledge and the Threefold Nature of Mind -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Augustine -- Anselm -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- The Ontological Argument -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Anselm -- Thomas Aquinas -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Summa Contra Gentiles: Selections -- Study Questions -- Summa Theologica: Selections -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Aquinas -- Bibliography -- III: ISLAMIC AND JEWISH PHILOSOPHERS -- Prologue -- Avicenna (Ibn Sina) -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Essay on the Secret of Destiny -- Study Questions -- Concerning the Soul -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Avicenna -- Averroes (Muhammad Ibn*Rushd) -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Commentary on “On the Soul”: Selections -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Averroes -- Maimonides (Moses ben Maimon) -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Guide for the Perplexed: Selections -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of Maimonides -- Bibliography -- IV: LATE MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHERS -- Prologue -- William of Ockham -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Summa Logicae: Selections -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: Ockham's Influence Bibliography -- PART C: MODERN PHILOSOPHERS -- General Introduction -- I: THE RATIONALISTS -- Prologue -- Rene Descartes -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Meditations on the First Philosophy In which the Existence of God and the Distinction between Mind and Body are Demonstrated -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: The Cartesian Influence -- Baruch de Spinoza -- Biographical History Philosophical Overview -- The Ethics: Selections -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: Spinoza's Influence -- Gottfried Leibniz -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Discourse on Metaphysics -- Study Questions Monadology -- Study Questions -- Letters to Clarke: Third and Fourth Letters -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: Leibniz's Influence -- Bibliography -- II: THE EMPIRICISTS -- Prologue -- Francis Bacon -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview Novum Organum: Selections -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: Bacon's Influence -- Thomas Hobbes -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview The Leviathan: Selections -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: Hobbes' Influence -- John Locke -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- An Essay Concerning Human Understanding -- Study Questions -- A Treatise Concerning the True Original Extent and End of Civil Government: Second Treatise -- Study Questions Philosophical Bridges: Locke's Influence -- George Berkeley -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous, in Opposition to Skeptics and Atheists -- Study Questions Philosophical Bridges: Berkeley's Influence -- David Hume -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding -- Study Questions -- A Treatise on Human Nature -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: Hume's Influence -- Bibliography -- III: THE ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHERS -- Prologue -- Jean<Jacques Rousseau -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- The Social Contract -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: Rousseau's Influence -- Immanuel Kant -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Prolegomena -- Study Questions -- Critique of Pure Reason -- Study Questions -- Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: Kant's Influence -- Philosophical Bridges: The Influence of the Modern Philosophers -- Bibliography -- PART D: THE NINETEENTH-CENTURY PHILOSOPHERS -- General Introduction -- I: THE GERMAN IDEALISTS -- Prologue -- G. W. F. Hegel -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- Philosophy of Mind: Part Three of the Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: Hegel's Influence -- Arthur Schopenhauer -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overview -- The World as Will and Idea: Selections -- Study Questions -- Philosophical Bridges: Schopenhauer's Influence Bibliography -- II. THE EXISTENTIALISTS -- Prologue -- S0ren Kierkegaard -- Biographical History -- Philosophical Overv

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Author(s)

Biography

Daniel Kolak, William Paterson University of New Jersey, Garrett Thomson, College of Wooster