This volume investigates the historic and ethnographic accounts of the ongoing religious contestations over the status of the Mahābodhi Temple complex in Bodhgayā (a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002) and its surrounding landscape to critically analyse the working and construction of sacredness. It endeavours to make a ground-up assessment of ways in which human participants in the past and present respond to and interact with the Mahābodhi Temple and its surroundings.
The volume argues that sacredness goes beyond scriptural texts and archaeological remains. The Mahābodhi Temple is complex and its surrounding landscape is a ‘living’ heritage, which has been produced socially and constitutes differential densities of human involvement, attachment, and experience. Its significance lies mainly in the active interaction between religious architecture within its dynamic ritual settings. This endless contestation of sacredness and its meaning should not be seen as the ‘death’ of the Mahābodhi Temple; on the contrary, it illustrates the vitality of the ongoing debate on the meaning, understanding, and use of the sacred in the Indian context.
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Table of Contents
List of Illustrations. Foreword. Acknowledgements.
1. The ‘Living’ Humanized Sacred Place: An Introduction 2. The Origins and History of the Mahābodhi Temple 3. Constructing Sacred Placeness: Rituals Around the Bodhi Tree 4. Divergence, Convergence: Hindu-Buddhist Encounters 5. Anagarika Dharmapāla: A Modern Political Activist and Defender of the Dharma 6. Deconstructing the Great Case 7. The Two Faces of Bodhgayā: Sacred to Buddhists and Hindus
Appendices. Appendix 1: The Bodh Gaya Temple Act, 1949. Appendix 2: The Budh-Gaya Temple Case. Appendix 3: Letter from Mr. Beglar to the Mahant of Buddha-Gaya Math. Appendix 4: Excerpts of the Court Judgement.
Bibliography. Further Reading. Index.
Nikhil Joshi is a Research Fellow in the Department of Architecture at National University of Singapore. Educated at the University of Pune, University of York, and National University of Singapore, he is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, UK, and recipient of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings Lethaby Scholarship, UK.