This collection of essays offers a fresh look at the 1970s, the crucial decade when the nuclear non-proliferation regime took shape.
Exploring a broad array of newly declassified archival sources from different countries across the globe, and moving freely across methodological and national barriers, historians from Europe, North and South America, Asia and Africa discuss the making of the global nuclear order from truly international and transnational perspectives. The result is a fascinating and innovative volume which will remain an essential reference for historians of the nuclear age, of the cold war, and more generally of the evolution of the international system in the second half of the twentieth century.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of The International History Review.
Table of Contents
David Holloway and Leopoldo Nuti
1. The Making of the Nuclear Order and the Historiography on the 1970s
2. Negotiating Nuclear Control: The Zangger Committee and the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group in the 1970s
3. American Seeds of ABACC? Findley’s Proposal to Create a Mutual Nuclear Inspections System Between Brazil and Argentina
Carlo Patti and Rodrigo Mallea
4. Signed, Sealed but Never Delivered: Why Israel did not Receive Nixon’s Promised Nuclear Power Plants
5. Pakistan, Uranium and the International Atomic Energy Agency, 1970–1980
6. Peace for Atoms. US Non-Proliferation Policy and the Romanian Role in the Sino-American Rapprochement, 1969–1971
7. Between Principles and Pragmatism: India and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime in the Post-PNE Era, 1974–1980
8. How to Further Develop the Nonproliferation Regime? West German Nuclear Exports to Brazil and Iran in Context of US Criticism
9. Making of the Seventh NWS: Historiography of the Beginning of the Nuclear Disorder in South Asia
10. The April 1977 Persepolis Conference on the Transfer of Nuclear Technology: A Third World Revolt Against US Non-Proliferation Policy?
11. South African Nuclear Development in the 1970s: A Non-Proliferation Conundrum?
Anna-Mart van Wyk
12. Preserving the Global Nuclear Order: The Trident Agreements and the Arms Control Debate, 1977–1982
13. Nuclear Superiority in the Age of Parity: US Planning, Intelligence Analysis, Weapons Innovation and the Search for a Qualitative Edge 1969–1976
Giordana Pulcini and Niccolo’ Petrelli
14. Conclusion: Reflections on the Nuclear Order
David Holloway is the Raymond A. Spruance Professor in International History, Professor of Political Science, and Senior Fellow at the Freeman-Spogli Institute for International Studies, Emeritus at Stanford University, USA. He is the author of Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-1956 (Yale University Press, 1994) and other works on nuclear history.
Leopoldo Nuti is Professor of History of International Relations at Roma Tre University, Italy, and Co-Director of the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project. From 2014 to 2018 he was President of the Italian Society of International History. He has published extensively in Italian, English and French on US-Italian relations, nuclear history, and Italian foreign and security policy.