The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria: The Democratic Option of Islamism, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria

The Democratic Option of Islamism, 1st Edition

By Naomí Ramírez Díaz


174 pages

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Hardback: 9781138701717
pub: 2017-09-04
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315203928
pub: 2017-09-06
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Anyone who follows world events has heard of the Muslim Brotherhood. Usually considered a fundamentalist religious organisation opposed to secular regimes, the so-called Arab Spring began to challenge this conception, and showed the MB’s commitment to democratic principles and elections, albeit with certain difficulties. Until now though, most analysis has focused on the Egyptian branch – the group that gave spiritual birth to the local branches in other countries – with very little having been studied about the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood, especially since the Hama massacre of 1982 and the formal disappearance of the group from Syria.

This book provides a deep insight into the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood’s ideological evolution from its inception until present-day. Since Syria has unfortunately become the place where all forms of Islamism converge, understanding the SMB, their ideological evolution, and their potential role as moderating forces, is essential in order to debunk some clichés on the MB in general. Each chapter corresponds to a specific period in the SMB’s timeline, while the final chapter discusses how the endemic gerontocracy of the group calls for an urgent renovation of structures, and stresses the importance of younger generations in renovating the ideology of the SMB.

Through the examination of original primary sources written by the SMB themselves, and relevant groups related to them, this book challenges the traditional categories applied to Islamist movements. It will therefore be a key resource for anyone studying Islamist movements, as well as for students and scholars of Middle East and North African Politics.

Table of Contents


1. The Democratic Option of Islamism

2. Key Ideologues of the SMB

3. The Fighting Vanguard and the Radicalization of the SMB’s Discourse

4. Back to Basics under Bashar al-Aasad

5. The SMB and the Syrian Revolution

6. The Generational Cleavage and the Need for Internal Reform


Annex 1 - 4

About the Author

Naomí Ramírez Díaz received her PhD on Arab and Islamic Studies from the Autónoma University of Madrid. She has published numerous articles on the Syrian struggle and has also translated multiple sources, providing the public with first-hand accounts of the situation in Syria.

About the Series

Routledge/ St. Andrews Syrian Studies Series

This series aims to be the major venue for the dissemination of research on modern Syria. Although it will not neglect Syria’s past, the focus is on the current conflict. It showcases work that locates cutting edge empirical research within innovative theoretical frameworks from all disciplines on, for example, social movements, civil wars, intervention, identity conflicts, failed states, post-war reconstruction, authoritarian resilience, and non-state governance.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / World / Middle Eastern
RELIGION / Religion, Politics & State
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Regional Studies