A pioneering work for the history of veterans’ rights in Romania, this study brings into focus the laws and policies the state developed in response to the unprecedented human losses in World War I. It features in lively and accessible language the varied responses of veterans, widows and orphans to those policies. The analysis emphasizes how ordinary citizens became educated about and used state institutions in ways that highlight the class, ethnic, religious and gender norms of the day. The book offers a vivid case study of how disability as a personal reality for many veterans became a point of policy making, a story that has seen little scholarly interest despite the enormous populations affected by these developments. Overall, the monograph shows how, in the postwar European states, citizenship as engaged practice was shaped by both government policies and the interpretation a large and varied group of beneficiaries gave to these policies. The analysis provides insights of great interest to scholars of these themes, while it offers examples of engaged citizenship useful for an undergraduate and nonspecialist audience.
Table of Contents
1. "The Nation’s Gratitude:" The IOVR Laws 2. The Gordian Knot: Government Programs and Non-Government Partners 3. The Veterans: Heroes, Beggars, Fascists 4. The Widows: "On Bended Knee I Come before You" 5. The Orphans: The Nation’s Children 6. Epilogue: Change and Continuity across Ideological Divides 7. Citizenship Reframed
Maria Bucur is the John V Hill Professor of History and Gender Studies at Indiana University. She has published extensively on the modern history of Romania and the history of gender relations. Her books include Eugenics and Modernization in Interwar Romania (2002), Gender and War in Twentieth Century Eastern Europe (2006), Heroes and Victims: Remembering War in Twentieth-Century Romania (2009), Gendering Modernism. A Historical Reappraisal of the Canon (2017), The Century of Women: How Women Have Changed the World since 1900 (2018) and The Birth of Democratic Citizenship: Women and Power in Modern Romania (2018).