This book is based on the assumption that great powers determine global politics and, in this instance, environmental politics. It addresses the approaches of both established and rising powers and their implications for the advancement of international climate negotiations. The new introduction looks at the key developments in this realm since 2013, examining the bilateral deals between China and the United States and the results of the UNFCCC’s 21st Convention of the Parties (COP) convening at Paris in 2015.
Two key features link the contributions of this volume: their underlying assumption that major powers are the central actors in determining global environmental politics; and their assessment of, and implications of, the approaches both of rising and established major powers for global climate norms. One key argument of this volume is that today’s geopolitics are about who gets how much in the fiercely competitive race over the available ‘carbon space’. The book concludes that prudently balancing power in the new century requires a fair sharing of burden among the existing and emerging powers. In light of such burden-sharing, pluralistic domestic politics as well as diverging normative beliefs and worldviews require consideration of different conditions, even if historical legacies of the industrialised world have increasingly been put into question as a political argument by the United States.
This book is based on a special issue of the journal Climate Policy.
1. Facilitating global climate governance: the role of major powers before the COP 2015 at Paris Maximilian Terhalle
2. The promissory note: COP 21 and the Paris Climate Agreement Peter Christoff
3. A minilateral solution for global climate change? On bargaining efficiency, club benefits, and international legitimacy Robert Falkner
4. Climate policy: a new foundation of stability and prosperity Christiana Figueres
5. ‘Great Powers’ in climate politics Sir Anthony Brenton
6. Drivers of national climate policy Erick Lachapelle and Matthew Paterson
7. Great-power politics, order transition, and climate governance: insights from international relations theory Maximilian Terhalle and Joanna Depledge
8. The UNFCCC as a negotiation forum: towards common but more differentiated responsibilities Jutta Brunnée and Charlotte Streck
9. Rising powers: the evolving role of BASIC countries Karl Hallding, Marie Jürisoo, Marcus Carson and Aaron Atteridge
10. The changing geopolitics of climate change finance Luis Gomez-Echeverri