Ideological debate is one component of the intellectual background to Soviet policy-making. Originally published in 1987, this paper explores how Soviet writers wrestle with the challenge to their ideology that is posed by the threat of nuclear war. What, for example, is the relationship between the values of peace and of socialism? What drives the arms race? Is capitalism inherently militaristic, or is a demilitarized capitalism conceivable? Is the outcome of history predetermined or open? It is shown that the range of permissible views is wider than often assumed, and that the constraints of Soviet ideology do not exclude evolution towards a more cooperative approach to international security.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments. 1. Introduction 2. The Consequences of Nuclear War 3. The Communist Goal Under Threat 4. Peace and the Correlation of Forces 5. The Orthodoxy in Crisis 6. The Value of Peace 7. Capitalism and Militarism 8. Interdependence and Global Problems 9. Whither the Correlation of Forces? 10. Assessment of Political Weights 11. Connections with Policy 12. Implications for the West. Notes. List of the Most Important Soviet Works. Glossary of the Most Important Soviet Authors.