The mass is an extraordinary musical form. Whereas other western art music genres from medieval times have fallen out of favour, the mass has not merely survived, but flourished. A variety of religious, secular, and musical forces saw the mass expand well beyond its origins as a cycle of medieval chants, become concertised and ultimately bifurcate. Even as Western societies moved away from their Christian origins to become the religiously plural and politically secular societies of today and the Church itself moved in favour of congregational singing; composers continued to compose masses. By the early twentieth century two forms of mass existed: the liturgical mass composed for church services and the concert mass composed for secular venues. Spanning two millennia, The Origins and Ascendancy of the Concert Mass outlines the origins and meanings of the liturgical texts, defines the concert mass, explains how and why the split occurred, and provides examples that demonstrate composers’ gradual appropriation of the genre as a vehicle for personal expression on serious issues. By the end of the twentieth century the concert mass had become a repository for an eclectic range of theological and political ideas.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Origins
Chapter 1 Exploring the Ordinary of the Roman Rite
Chapter 2 Differing Opinions about Music within the Church
Chapter 3 Musical Formulations – From Plainchant to Concert Mass
Chapter 4 Haydn’s Harmoniemesse (1802) – An Early Concert Mass
Part 2: Becoming
Chapter 5 The Concertisation of the Mass
Chapter 6 From Court and Church to Choral Societies and Choice
Chapter 7 Nineteenth-century Concert Masses
Part 3: Division
Chapter 8 Cecilians, Plainsong Restoration and Twentieth-Century Church Legislation
Chapter 9 Daniel Lentz’s Missa Umbrarum (1973)
Part 4: Divided
Chapter 10 Masses for concert halls 1903-1963
Chapter 11 Missa Carminum "Folk Song Mass"
Part 5: Ascendance
Chapter 12 Conclusions and Future Directions
Stephanie Rocke is a Research Associate at the University of Melbourne with an ongoing interest in religious and cultural diversity as it is manifested in musical forms and musical activities across time.