1st Edition

The Philosophy of Online Manipulation

Edited By Fleur Jongepier, Michael Klenk Copyright 2022
    424 Pages
    by Routledge

    424 Pages
    by Routledge

    Are we being manipulated online? If so, is being manipulated by online technologies and algorithmic systems notably different from human forms of manipulation? And what is under threat exactly when people are manipulated online?

    This volume provides philosophical and conceptual depth to debates in digital ethics about online manipulation. The contributions explore the ramifications of our increasingly consequential interactions with online technologies such as online recommender systems, social media, user friendly design, microtargeting, default settings, gamification, and real time profiling. The authors in this volume address four broad and interconnected themes:

    • What is the conceptual nature of online manipulation? And how, methodologically, should the concept be defined?
    • Does online manipulation threaten autonomy, freedom, and meaning in life and if so, how?
    • What are the epistemic, affective, and political harms and risks associated with online manipulation?
    • What are legal and regulatory perspectives on online manipulation?

    This volume brings these various considerations together to offer philosophically robust answers to critical questions concerning our online interactions with one another and with autonomous systems. The Philosophy of Online Manipulation will be of interest to researchers and advanced students working in moral philosophy, digital ethics, philosophy of technology, and the ethics of manipulation.

    1. Introduction and Overview of Chapters, Fleur Jongepier & Michael Klenk
    2. Part I Conceptual and methodological questions

    3. Online Manipulation: Charting the Field, Fleur Jongepier & Michael Klenk
    4. Online Manipulation and Agential Risk, Max Cappuccio, Constantine Sandis, & Austin Wyatt
    5. How philosophy might contribute to the practical ethics of online manipulation, Anne Barnhill
    6. Manipulative Machines, Jessica Pepp, Rachel Sterken, Matthew McKeever, & Eliot Michaelson
    7. Manipulation, Injustice, and Technology, Michael Klenk
    8. Part II Threats to autonomy, freedom, and meaning in life

    9. Commercial Online Choice Architecture: When Roads Are Paved With Bad Intentions, Bart Engelen & Thomas Nys
    10. Microtargeting people as a mere means, Fleur Jongepier & Jan-Willem Wieland
    11. Manipulation as Digital Invasion: A neo-republican approach, Marianna Capasso
    12. Gamification, Manipulation, and Domination, Moti Gorin
    13. Manipulative Design Through Gamification, W. Jared Parmer
    14. Technological manipulation and threats to Meaning in Life, Sven Nyholm
    15. Digital Manipulation and Mental Integrity, Geoff Keeling & Christopher Burr
    16. Part III Epistemic, affective, and political harms and risks

    17. Is There A Duty To Disclose Epistemic Risk?, Hanna Gunn
    18. Promoting Vices: Designing the Web for Manipulation, Lukas Schwenger
    19. Online Affective Manipulation, Nathan Wildman, Natascha Rietdijk, & Alfred Archer
    20. Manipulation and the Affective Realm of Social Media, Alexander Fischer
    21. Social Media, Emergent Manipulation, and Political Legitimacy, Adam Pham, Alan Rubel, & Clinton Castro
    22. Part IV Legal and regulatory perspectives

    23. Regulating Online Defaults, Kalle Grill
    24. Manipulation, real-time profiling, and their wrongs, Lucas Miotto & Jiahong Chen


    Fleur Jongepier is Assistant Professor in digital ethics at the Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. She is currently working on a research project on the impact of algorithms on our capacity for self-knowledge and autonomy, and the ways in which algorithms are said to know us ‘better than we know ourselves’. She is also interested in feminist ethics, self and identity, moral pedagogy, and is actively engaged in public philosophy.

    Michael Klenk is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands. His work is at the intersection of metaethics, moral psychology, and the philosophy of technology. He is the editor of Higher-Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology (Routledge, 2020) and co-editor of Philosophy in the Age of Science? Inquiries into Philosophical Progress, Method, and Societal Relevance (2020).

    "The sophisticated way in which data-driven technologies are able to manipulate our thinking and actions raises fundamental ethical questions about––among other things––freedom, legitimacy, and integrity in our networked society. By bringing together philosophical discussions on manipulation, human-machine interaction, and digital ethics, this volume provides an in-depth and much-needed analysis of the key concepts and questions underpinning these challenges."

    Esther Keymolen, Tilburg University, The Netherlands