During the 1980s and 1990s, Australia’s migration intake turned rapidly towards recruiting business professionals, managers and entrepreneurs to support the country’s entry into an economic system marked by global value chains. This book analyses the policy idea termed Productive Diversity, introduced by the Australian government as a way of conceptualising the belief that migrants would bring business acumen and a global outlook to help Australia compete as a trading nation.
The book examines this germinal period of Australia’s economic reorientation through a close inspection of policy documents, parliamentary hearings, economic and migration statistics, and interviews with the architects of the policy. It provides a comprehensive account of how the policy framework emerged, how it was implemented, and studies the rationale in recruiting self-starters and managers to connect with global trade flows.
This work will be of interest to students and researchers of migration studies, especially Australian migration, diversity policies, sociology, multiculturalism, economics, development studies, and Asia-Pacific studies. The methods and data will also be of value to political economists and policy makers.
Table of Contents
Introduction Part I: Theory and Concepts 1. Where Did Productive Diversity Come From? 2. Surplus Value Theory and the Idea of Productive Diversity 3. Productive Diversity, Value and the Question of Cultural Capital 4. Framing the Global Political Economy Since the 1970s: Transnational Production, Value Chains and the Emergence of a Market Economy 5. Global Capital and its Agents Part II: Australia and Globalisation: Migration for Diversity 6. The Nation on the Eve of Globalisation 7. Terms of Engagement I: Australia and the Asian Region 8. Terms of Engagement II: Resistance Abroad and at Home 9. Productive Diversity: From Moral Values to Market Values 10. The Business Migration Program: Entrepreneurs Wanted 11. Conclusion
Patrick Brownlee is Director of Research Partnerships in Education and Social Work, University of Sydney, Australia. His research into migration and policy stems back decades as a result of a research program on Asia-Pacific migration, funded by UNESCO’s Management of Social Transformations initiative. He also publishes in the field of education and knowledge production. He has a PhD in Political Economy from the University of Sydney.