This comprehensive volume is the first systematic effort to explore the ways in which recognised states and international organisations interact with secessionist ‘de facto states’, while maintaining the position that they are not regarded as independent sovereign actors in the international system. It is generally accepted by policy makers and scholars that some interaction with de facto states is vital, if only to promote a resolution of the underlying conflict that led to their decision to break away, and yet this policy of ‘engagement without recognition’ is not without complications and controversy. This book analyses the range of issues and problems that such interaction inevitably raises. The authors highlight fundamental questions of sovereignty, conflict management and resolution, settlement processes, foreign policy and statehood.
This book will be of interest to policy makers, students and researchers of international relations. It was originally published as a special issue of the journal Ethnopolitics.
1. A Conceptual Framework for Engagement with de facto States James Ker-Lindsay and Eiki Berg 2. ‘Statehood’, ‘de facto Authorities’ and ‘Occupation’: Contested Concepts and the EU’s Engagement in its European Neighbourhood Bruno Coppieters 3. The Stigmatisation of de facto States: Disapproval and ‘Engagement without Recognition’ James Ker-Lindsay 4. Recognition, Status Quo or Reintegration: Engagement with de facto States Nina Caspersen 5. Quest for Survival and Recognition: Insights into the Foreign Policy Endeavours of the Post-Soviet de facto States Eiki Berg and Kristel Vits 6. Regional Organizations and Secessionist Entities: Analysing Practices of the EU and the OSCE in Post-Soviet Protracted Conflict Areas Vera Axyonova and Andrea Gawrich 7. Sovereignty and Engagement without Recognition: Explaining the Failure of Conflict Resolution in Cyprus George Kyris