This book challenges the understanding of ‘difference’ in the field of peacebuilding and offers new ways to consider diversity in the context of international interventions.
International peacebuilding as a practice and academic field has always been embroiled in the ‘problem’ of difference. For mainstream scholars and policy-makers, local views, histories, and cultural codes are often seen as an obstacle on the way to peace. For critical scholars, international interventions have failed because of the very superficial attention given to the needs, values, and experience of the people in post-conflict societies. Yet the current proposals of hybrid peace and emancipation seem to reproduce Eurocentric lenses and problematic binaries. Differently inspired by feminist, post-structuralist, and new materialist perspectives, the authors assembled in this volume give sustained attention to the theorisation and practice of difference. Taken together, these contributions show that differences are always multidimensional, non-essential, and are reflections of broader power and gender inequalities.
This book thus makes a major contribution to the field of critical peacebuilding by revisiting the ‘problem’ of difference. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.
Introduction – Beyond Silence, Obstacle and Stigma: Revisiting the ‘Problem’ of Difference in Peacebuilding
Pol Bargués-Pedreny and Xavier Mathieu
1. Embodying Difference: Reading Gender in Women’s Memoirs of Humanitarianism
2. Hybrid Clubs: A Feminist Approach to Peacebuilding in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Maria Martin de Almagro
3. Peace-in-Difference: A Phenomenological Approach to Peace Through Difference
4. Relational and Essential: Theorizing Difference for Peacebuilding
5. The Politics of Difference in Transitional Justice: Genocide and the Construction of Victimhood at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal
6. Governing Conflict: The Politics of Scaling Difference
Andreas Hirblinger and Dana M. Landau
7. Old Slogans Ringing Hollow? The Legacy of Social Engineering, Statebuilding and the ‘Dilemma of Difference’ in (Post-) Soviet Kyrgyzstan
8. Beyond Relationalism in Peacebuilding